October 7 in history

07/10/2010

On October 7:

3761 BC – The epoch of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).

336  Pope Mark died, leaving the papacy vacant.

 
Marcus (papa).jpg

1513  Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeated the Venetians.

1542  Explorer Cabrillo discovered Santa Catalina Island off the California coast.

 

1571  The Battle of Lepanto – the Holy League (Spain and Italy) destroyed the Turkish fleet.

Battle of Lepanto 1571.jpg

1763 George III  issued British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements.

 

1776 Crown Prince Paul of Russia married Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.

1777 American Revolutionary War: The Americans defeated the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights.

 

1780  American Revolutionary War: Battle of Kings Mountain American Patriot militia defeat Loyalist irregulars led by British colonel Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.

KingsMountain DeathOfFerguson Chappel.jpg

1800  French corsair Robert Surcouf, commander of the 18-gun ship La Confiance, captured the British 38-gun Kent inspiring the traditional French song Le Trente-et-un du mois d’août.

 
Robert Surcouf portrait.jpg

1826  The Granite Railway began operations as the first chartered railway in the U.S.

1828  The city of Patras, Greece, was liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.

 

1840  Willem II became King of the Netherlands.

1864  American Civil War: Battle of Darbytown Road: the Confederate forces’ attempt to regain ground that had been lost around Richmond is thwarted.

1864 American Civil War: U.S.S. Wachusett captured the CSS Florida Confederate raider ship while in port in Bahia, Brazil.

CSS Florida

1868  Cornell University held opening day ceremonies; initial student enrollment was 412, the highest at any American university to that date.

 
The Cornell University Seal

1870  Franco-Prussian War – Siege of Paris: Leon Gambetta fled Paris in a balloon.

 

1879  Germany and Austria-Hungary signed the “Twofold Covenant” and created the Dual Alliance.

1900 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official, was born (d. 1945).

1912  The Helsinki Stock Exchange‘s first transaction.

Fabianinkatu 14.jpg

1914 Sarah Churchill, British actress, was born (d. 1982).

1916 Georgia Tech defeated Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.

GT Cumberland 222 scoreboard.jpg

1917 Count Felix Graf von Luckner, the German “Sea-Devil” was imprisoned in New Zealand.

German 'Sea Devil' imprisoned in NZ

1919  KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, was founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.

KLM logo.png

1920  The Suwalki Agreement between Poland and Lithuania was signed.

1931  Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop and Nobel Laureate, was born.

1933  Air France was inaugurated, after being formed from a merger of 5 French airlines.

Air France logo 2009.svg

1934  Aeromexico was inaugareted 75 years after it becomes the # 1 airline in Mexico.

1940  World War II: the McCollum memo proposed bringing the United States into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.

 

1942  World War II: The October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal began as United States Marine Corps forces attacked Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.

GuadPatrol.jpg

1944 World War II: Uprising at Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burned down the crematoria.

1949  German Democratic Republic (East Germany) formed.

Flag Coat of arms

1952 Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister and former President of the Russian Federation, was born.

1955  Beat poet Allen Ginsberg read his poem “Howl” for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

1958  President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza, with the support of General Ayub Khan and the army, suspended the 1956 constitution, imposed martial law, and cancelled the elections scheduled for January 1959.

 

1959 U.S.S.R. probe Luna 3 transmitted its first ever photographs of the far side of the moon.

 

1962  U.S.S.R. performed nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.

 

1963  John F. Kennedy signed ratification for Partial Test Ban Treaty.

 

1977  The adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.

1977 CPA 4774.jpg 

1982  Cats opened on Broadway.

CatsMusicalLogo.jpg

1985  The Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestine Liberation Organization.

Achille39.jpg

1993  The Great Flood of 1993 ended at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began.

Flood waters inundated parts of Jefferson City, MO and threatened the Missouri State Capitol during the "Great Flood of 1993".

2001  The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan started with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.

2004 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicated.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


Tuesday’s answers

13/10/2009

We have a new champion: Steve gets four points plus a bonus for being the first to get KLM and another bonus for humour – intended or not – for his answer to 4.

Cadwallader got one right, a bonus for being first with that answer and a bonus for inventiveness for the answer to 2.

Gravedodger got three (although I think  strictly speaking ammonium carbonate is a by-product of hartshorn) and the bonus he sought for handling all those wee bales (now known as weetbix).

Rob got three right and a bonus for lateral thinking with his answer to 4, though it wasn’t right.

Andrei got two right, another point for being close with 2 and adding extra information about hart (although hartshorn is a substance from the antlers not the antlers themselves) with a bonus for being first with Madeleine Albright.

Paul gets four points and a bonus for humour for his answer to 4.

PDM got one and a bonus for humour – intended or not – for his answer to 1.

Samo also got four right and a bonus for extra information.

P.S. Because I have a problem with typso typos, I’ve accepted Bayton which was given as the answer twice instead of Baynton.

Monday’s questions were:

1. What is the oldest airline still operating under its original name?

2. What is hartshorn?

3. Who wrote Jane and the Dragon?

4. Who said, I’ve never been to New Zealand before. But one of my role models, Xena, the warrior princess, comes from there.”?

5. What is the common name for alfalfa?

The answers follow the break:

Read the rest of this entry »


October 7 in history

07/10/2009

On October 7:

1900 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official, was born.

1914 English actress Sarah Churchill was born.

1917 Count Felix Graf von Luckner had earned the epithet Der Seeteufel (the Sea-Devil) due to his exploits as captain of the German raider SMS Seeadler (Sea Eagle) in 1916–17, was imprisoned in New Zealand.

1919 Netherlands airline KLM was founded.

KLM logo.png

1929 English writer Robert Westall was born.

1932 South African bishop Desmond Tutu was born.

1933 Air France was inaugurated, after the merger of 5 French airlines

Air France logo 2009.svg

1939 Autralian author, television presenter and critic Clive James was born.

1949 German Democratic Republic (East Germany)was  formed.

Flag Coat of arms

1952 Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister and former President of the Russian Federation was born.

1955 Poet Allen Ginsberg read his poem “Howl” for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

1957 English figure Skater Jayne Torvill was born.

1982 Cats opened on Broadway and ran for nearly 18 years.

CatsMusicalLogo.jpg

 

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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