632 – The Farewell Sermon (Khutbah, Khutbatul Wada’) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
845 – Execution of the 42 Martyrs of Amorium at Samarra.
1204 – The Siege of Château Gaillard ended in a French victory over King John of England, who lost control of Normandy to King Philip II Augustus.
1323 – Treaty of Paris of 1323 was signed.
1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledged allegiance to King Casimir IV of Poland who agreed to commit his forces in aiding the Confederation’s struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
1475 Michelangelo Italian artist, was born (d. 1564).
1788 – The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English-Italian poet and translator was born (d. 1861).
1820 – The Missouri Compromise was signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, brought Maine into the Union as a free state, and made the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
1830 – Outbreak of the ‘Girls‘ War’, fought between northern and southern Ngāpuhi at Kororāreka (now Russell).
1834 – York, Upper Canada, was incorporated as Toronto.
1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen-day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers, including frontiersman Davy Crockett and colonel Jim Bowie, defending the Alamo were killed and the fort was captured.
1843 – Martha Burton Williamson, American malacologist and journalist was born (d. 1922).
1857 – The Supreme Court of the United States ruled in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
1870 – Oscar Straus, Viennese composer and conductor was born (d. 1954).
1879 – Jimmy Hunter, New Zealand All Black, rugby player was born (d. 1962).
1882 – The Serbian kingdom was re-founded.
1902 – Real Madrid C.F. was founded.
1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Basque Country was born (d. 1960).
1917 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian, was born (d. 1992).
1921 – Portuguese Communist Party was founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.
1926 – Alan Greenspan, American economist and politician was born.
1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate was born (d. 2014).
1930 – International Unemployment Day demonstrations globally initiated by the Comintern.
1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand soprano and actress, was born.
1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (The Supremes), was born.
1945 – World War II: Operation Spring Awakening, the last major German offensive of the war, began.
1946 – David Gilmour, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pink Floyd) was born.
1947 – Kiki Dee, English singer-songwriter, was born.
1947 – Dick Fosbury, American high jumper, was born.
1947 The New Zealand Symphony Orchestra made its debut performance– opening the concert in Wellington’s Town Hall with God Save The Kingthe performing selections from Dvorak, Brahms, Butterworth, Enesco, Wagner and Richard Strauss.
1953 – Georgy Malenkov succeeded Joseph Stalin as Premier of the Soviet Union and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1957 – Ghana became the first Sub-Saharan country to gain independence from the British.
1964 – Constantine II became King of Greece.
1967 – Cold War: Joseph Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defected to the United States.
1970 – An explosion at the Weather Underground safe house in Greenwich Village killed three.
1975 – Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announced a settlement of their border dispute.
1983 – The first United States Football League games were played.
1984 – A walkout at Cortonwood Colliery in Brampton Bierlow signalled the start of a strike that lasted almost a year and involved the majority [but never all] of the country’s miners.
1987 – The British ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise capsized in about 90 seconds, killing 193.
1988 – Three Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers were shot dead by the SAS in Gibraltar in Operation Flavius.
1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus began to affect computers.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia