June 15 in history


On June 15:

923  Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France was killed and King Charles the Simple was arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.


1184 King Magnus V of Norway was killed at the Battle of Fimreite.

Magnus Erlingssons saga-Vignett-G. Munthe.jpg

1215  King John of England put his seal to the Magna Carta.

Magna Carta

1246  With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ended in Austria.


1389  Battle of Kosovo: The Ottoman Empire defeated Serbs and Bosnians.

Battle of Kosovo 1389.PNG

1520  Pope Leo X threatened to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine.


1580  Philip II of Spain declared William the Silent to be an outlaw.


1623 Cornelis de Witt, Dutch politician, was born (d. 1672).


1667  The first human blood transfusion was administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1752  Benjamin Franklin proved that lightning was electricity.

1775  American Revolutionary War: George Washington was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.


1776  Delaware Separation Day – Delaware voted to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.

1785  Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, became the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon exploded during their attempt to cross the English Channel.


1804  New Hampshire approved the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.

1808  Joseph Bonaparte became King of Spain.


1836 Arkansas was admitted as the 25th U.S. state.

1844  Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.

1846  The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.


1859  Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.


1864  American Civil War: The Siege of Petersburg began.


1864  Arlington National Cemetery was established when 200 acres (0.81 km2) around Arlington Mansion (formerly owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee) were officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

Graves at Arlington on Memorial Day.JPG

1867  Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana.

1877  Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.

Cadet Henry O. Flipper in his West Point cadet uniform. It has three large round brass buttons left, middle and right showing five rows. The buttons are interconnected left to right and vice-versa by decorative thread. He is wearing a starched white collar and no tie. He is a lighter colored African-American with plated corn rows of neatly done hair. He is facing the camera and looking to the left of the viewer.

1888  Crown Prince Wilhelm became Kaiser Wilhelm II and is the last emperor of the German Empire.

1896  The most destructive tsunami in Japan’s  history killed more than 22,000 people.


1904  A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City‘s East River killed 1000.


1905  Princess Margaret of Connaught married Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden.


1909  Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord’s and formed the Imperial Cricket Conference.

1910 David Rose, American songwriter, composer and orchestra leader, was born (d. 1990).

1911 W.V. Awdry, British children’s writer, was born (d. 1997).


1911  Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) was incorporated.

CTR Company Logo.png

1913  The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines concluded.

1916  U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.

Boy Scouts of America

1919  John Alcock and Arthur Brown completed the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway.


1920  Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.

1920  A new border treaty between Germany and Denmark gave northern Schleswig to Denmark.

1934 The U.S. Great Smoky Mountains National Park was founded.

Main Entrance to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park from Gatlinburg, Tennessee.JPG

1935 Jack Lovelock won the “Mile of the Century“.

Lovelock wins ‘Mile of the century’

1937 A German expedition led by Karl Wien lost sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. The worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.

 1943 Muff Winwood, British songwriter and bassist (Spencer Davis Group), was born.

1944 World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invaded Saipan.

LVTs heading for shore.

1944  In the Saskatchewan general election, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, was elected and forms the first socialist government of North America.

1945  The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) was founded in Amsterdam.


1946 Noddy Holder, British singer (Slade), was born.

 1949 – Simon Callow, British actor, was born.

1949 – Russell Hitchcock, Australian singer (Air Supply), was born.


1954  UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) was formed in Basle.

1955 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA’s preparations for a nuclear attack.

1959The  Chinese Gooseberry was renamed kiwifruit.

Chinese gooseberry becomes kiwifruit

1963 Helen Hunt, American actress, was born.

1971 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer, was born.

1973 Pia Miranda, Australian actress, was born.

1978 King Hussein of Jordan married American Lisa Halaby, who took the name Queen Noor.

1982 Mike Delany, All Black, was born.

1985  Rembrandt’s painting Danaë was attacked by a man (later judged insane) who threw sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with a knife.


1991  Birth of the first federal political party in Canada that supported Quebec nationalism, le Bloc Québécois.

Bloc Québécois.svg

1992  The United States Supreme Court ruled in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it was permissible for the USA to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries.

1994  Israel and Vatican City established full diplomatic relations.

1996  The Provisional Irish Republican Army exploded a large bomb in the middle of Manchester.

Fire engine with extended ladder in a street full of rubble

2002  Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (121,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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