1560 The Treaty of Berwick, which expelled the French from Scotland, was signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland.
1594 Henry IV was crowned King of France.
1797 The Bank of England issued the first one-pound and two-pound notes.
1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet, was born (d. 1882).
1812 Poet Lord Byron gave his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
1844 The Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti.
1863 – Joaquín Sorolla, Spanish painter, was born (d. 1923).
1869 – Alice Hamilton, American physician and academic, was born (d. 1970).
1872 – Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, Romanian politician, Prime Minister of Romania, was born (d. 1950).
1900 British military leaders received an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.
1900 The British Labour Party was founded.
1902 John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1968).
1912 Lawrence Durrell, British writer, was born (d. 1990).
1913 – Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish soldier and politician, President of Poland, was born (d. 1989).
1914 – Winifred Atwell, Trinidadian pianist, was born (d. 1983).
1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties was founded in Vienna.
1922 A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, was rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.
1927 – Peter Whittle, English-New Zealand mathematician and theorist, was born.
1930 Joanne Woodward, American actress, was born.
1932 Elizabeth Taylor, British-American actress, was born (d.2011).
1933 Reichstag fire: Germany’s parliament building in Berlin was set on fire.
1934 Ralph Nader, American author, activist and political figure, was born.
1939 – Don McKinnon, English-New Zealand farmer and politician, 12th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand, Secretary-General of the Commonwealth of Nations, was born.
1939 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that sit-down strikes violated property owners’ rights and were therefore illegal.
1941 – Paddy Ashdown, British captain and politician, was born.
1943 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, exploded, killing 74 men.
1943 – The Rosenstrasse protest started in Berlin.
1945 Lebanon declared Independence.
1951 The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, was ratified.
1951 Troops were sent on to Wellington and Auckland wharves to load and unload ships during the waterfront dispute.
1953 – Ian Khama, English-Botswanan lieutenant and politician, 4th President of Botswana, was born.
1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation was inaugurated.
1964 The government of Italy asked for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
1967 Dominica gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1974 – People magazine was published for the first time.
1986 The United States Senate allowed its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
1989 Venezuela was rocked by the Caracazo riots.
1991 Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announced that “Kuwait is liberated”.
1999 Olusegun Obasanjo became Nigeria‘s first elected president since mid-1983.
2002 Ryanair Flight 296 caught fire at London Stansted Airport.
2002 – Godhra train burning: a Muslim mob killed 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya;
2003 Rowan Williams was enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury.
2007 – The Chinese Correction: the Shanghai Stock Exchange fell 9%, the largest drop in 10 years.
2010 – Central Chile was struck by an 8.8 magnitude earthquake.
2012 – A section of a nine-story apartment building in the city of Astrakhan, Russia, collapsed in a natural gas explosion, killing ten people and injuring at least 12 others.
2013 – At least 19 people were killed when a fire broke out at an illegal market in Kolkata, India.
2013 – Five people (including the perpetrator) were killed and five others injured in a shooting at a factory in Menznau, Switzerland.
2015 – A gunman killed seven people then himself in a series of shootingsin Tyrone, Missouri.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia