1185 Isaac II Angelus killed Stephanus Hagiochristophorites.
1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeated the English.
1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389–1392): the Teutonic Knights began a five-week siege of Vilnius.
1541 Santiago, Chile, was destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
1609 Henry Hudson discovered Manhattan Island.
1649 Siege of Drogheda ended: Oliver Cromwell’s English Parliamentarian troops took the town and executed its garrison.
1697 Battle of Zenta.
1709 Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
1758 Battle of Saint Cast: France repelled British invasion during the Souven Year’s War.
1773 The Public Advertiser published a satirical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One written by Benjamin Franklin.
1776 British-American peace conference on Staten Island failed to stop nascent American Revolutionary War.
1777 American Revolution: Battle of Brandywine – British victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
1786 The Beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
1792 The Hope Diamond and other French crown jewels were stolen.
1802 France annexed the Kingdom of Piedmont.
1814 War of 1812: The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the war.
1847 – Mary Watson Whitney, American astronomer and academic, was born (d. 1921).
1857 Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacred 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
1858 First ascent of Dom, the third highest summit in the Pennine Alps.
1860 – James Allan, New Zealand rugby player, All Black, was born (d. 1934).
1862 O. Henry, American writer, was born (d. 1910).
1880 – Four children were killed and 13 adults injured when two rail carriages were blown off the tracks by severe winds on a notoriously exposed part of the Rimutaka Incline railway line.
1885 D. H. Lawrence, English novelist, was born (d. 1930).
1892 Pinto Colvig, voice actor for Goofy, Pluto, and Bozo the Clown, was born (d. 1967).
1893 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions was held.
1903 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin was held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
1906 Mahatma Gandhi coined the term “Satyagraha” to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
1914 Australia invaded New Britain, defeating a German contingent at the Battle of Bita Paka.
1916 The Quebec Bridge‘s central span collapsed, killing 11 men.
1917 Ferdinand Marcos, 10th President of the Philippines, was born (d. 1989).
1917 Jessica Mitford, British writer, was born (d. 1996).
1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, was settled.
1922 The British Mandate of Palestine began.
1922 The Treaty of Kars was ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1922 The Sun News-Pictorial was founded in Melbourne.
1928 Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Ulm made the first successful trans-Tasman flight.
1937 – Queen Paola of Belgium, was born.
1941 Ground was broken for the construction of The Pentagon.
1941 Charles Lindbergh’s Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and the Roosevelt administration of pressing for war with Germany.
1943 – Brian Perkins, New Zealand-English journalist and actor, was born.
1943 Mickey Hart, American drummer (Grateful Dead), was born.
1944 World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm killed 11,500.
1945 World War II: Liberation of the Japanese-run POW and civilian internment camp at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak, by Australian 9th Division forces.
1950 – Anne Dell, Australian biochemist and academic, was born.
1951 – Hugo Porta, Argentinian rugby player, was born.
1961 Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.
1961 Hurricane Carla struck the Texas coast .
1968 Air France Flight 1611 crashed off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
1970 88 of the hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings were released.
1972 Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) in San Francisco, California began regular service.
1974 Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 crashed in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.
1977 Jon Buckland, British guitarist (Coldplay), was born.
1978 U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel agreed on the Camp David Accords a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
1989 The iron curtain opened between Hungary and Austria.
1992 Hurricane Iniki devastated Hawaii.
1997 NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor reached Mars.
1997 Scotland voted to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
1997 14 Estonian soldiers drowned in the Kurkse tragedy.
1998 Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur.
2001 The September 11 attacks in the United States.
2003 – The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety came into effect.
2004 Seventeen people were killed when a helicopter crashed in the Aegean Sea – among them were Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
2005 The Israel completed its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
2007 Russia tested the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.
2012 – A total of 315 people were killed in two garment factory fires in Pakistan.
2012 – The first day of a series of protests and attacks; in which the U.S. embassy in Benghazi, Libya was attacked, resulting in four deaths, including J. Christopher Stevens, the United States Ambassador to Libya
2013 – A 400 km long Human chain called Catalan Way was organized by the Assemblea Nacional Catalana for the independence of Catalonia.
2015 – A crane collapsed onto the Masjid al-Haram mosque in Saudi Arabia, killing 111 people and injuring 394 others.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia