On February 18:
3102 BC Epoch of the Kali Yuga.
1229 The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signed a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right).
1268 The Livonian Brothers of the Sword were defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakvere.
1478 George, Duke of Clarence, who was convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, was executed.
1685 Fort St. Louis was established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
1745 The city of Surakarta, Central Java was founded on the banks of Bengawan Solo river, and became the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.
1797 Trinidad was surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
1814 The Battle of Montereau.
1841 The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate began and lasted until March 11.
1846 Beginning of the Galician peasant revolt.
1861 Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
1861 King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumed the title of King of Italy.
1873 Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski was executed in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.
1878 John Tunstall was murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
1884 Mark Twain‘s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published for the first time.
1901 Winston Churchill made his maiden speech in the House of Commons.
1906 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician.
1911 The first official flight with air mail took place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
1913 Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France.
1922 Helen Gurley Brown, American editor, was born.
1929 The first Academy Awards were announced.
1930 Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto.
1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
1932 – The Empire of Japan declared Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
1933 Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer, was born.
1933 Mary Ure, Scottish actress, was born.
1936 Jean Auel, American writer, was born.
1943 – The Nazis arrested the members of the White Rose movement.
Monument to the “Weiße Rose”
1943 – Joseph Goebbels delivered the Sportpalast speech.
1946 Jean-Claude Dreyfus, French actor, was born.
1948 – Eamon de Valera resignsed as Taoiseach of Ireland.
1948 Keith Knudsen, American drummer and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers), was born.
1950 Cybill Shepherd, American actress, was born.
1953 Robbie Bachman, Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive), was born.
1954 John Travolta, American actor, was born.
1954 The first Church of Scientology was established in Los Angeles, California.
1955 Operation Teapot: Teapot test shot “Wasp” was successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons.
1957 Walter Bolton, a Wanganui farmer was the last man to be hanged in New Zealand.
1957 Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi was executed by the British colonial government.
1960 Greta Scacchi, Australian actress, was born.
1965 The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1969 The Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 disaster occurred, killing all on board.
1972 The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson, 6 Cal.3d 628 invalidates the state’s death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death ro innmates to life in prison.
1977 The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle was carried on its maiden “flight” sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
1979 Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.
1982 “Queen of Crime” Dame Ngaio Marsh died.
1983 Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
1991 The IRA exploded bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
2001 FBI agent Robert Hanssen was arrested for spying for the Soviet Union.
2003 Nearly 200 people died in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
2003 Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) made perihelion, seen by SOHO.
2004 Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, died near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertilizer caught fire and exploded.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia