Action and reaction alarming

July 7, 2017

One of my student friends had a theory that there was no threat of nuclear war among the super powers because the people in charge understood the consequences.

The real threat, he said, was from less powerful countries where non-democratic regimes put idiots in charge.

The example he used then was Idi Amin.

He didn’t foresee a time when democracy mighty put someone whose emotions appear to outweigh, or overrule,  his intelligence in charge of a superpower.

North Korea’s missile tests are alarming but so too is President’s Trump’s reaction.


April 11 in history

April 11, 2010

On April 11:

491 Flavius Anastasius became Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.

Semissis-Anastasius I-sb0007.jpg

1079 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow waexecuted by order of Bolesław II of Poland.

1241 Batu Khan defeated Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Muhi.

 

1512 War of the League of Cambrai: French forces led by Gaston de Foix won the Battle of Ravenna.

The Death of Gaston de Foix in the Battle of Ravenna.jpg

1689 William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.

  

1713  War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne’s War): Treaty of Utrecht was signed.

First edition of the Treaty of Utrecht

1775 The last execution for witchcraft in Germany took place.

1814 The Treaty of Fontainebleau ended the War of the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon Bonaparte, and forces him to abdicate unconditionally for the first time.

1828  Foundation of Bahia Blanca.

1856 Battle of Rivas: Juan Santamaria burned down the hostel where William Walker’s filibusters were holed up.

1865 President Abraham Lincoln made his last public speech.

 

1868 The Shogunate was abolished in Japan.

1873 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, was born.

 

1876  The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was organised.

 

1888 The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam was inaugurated.

 

1899 Spain ceded Puerto Rico to the United States.

1905 Albert Einstein revealsed his Theory of Relativity (special relativity).

 

1907 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer and entrepreneur, was born.

1908 Jane Bolin, first African-American woman judge, was born.

 

1908 Masaru Ibuka, Japanese industrialist (Sony), was born.

Tobei.gif
 

1919 Soldiers’ votes over turned initial results of a referendum which had shown a majority of 13,000 favouring prohibition.

Soldiers' votes derail prohibition campaign

1919 The International Labour Organisation was founded.

ILO logo.svg

1921 The Emirate of Transjordan was created.

1945 World War II: American forces liberated the Buchenwald concentration camp.

 

1951  Korean War: President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of overall command in Korea.

MacArthur Manila.jpg

1951 The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, was found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its place in Westminster Abbey.

 

1952 The Battle of Nanri Island took place.

1953 Guy Verhofstadt, former Prime Minister of Belgium, was born.

1955 The Air India Kashmir Princess was bombed and crashed in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

1957 Britain agreed to Singaporean self-rule.

1960 Jeremy Clarkson, British journalist, was born.

 

1961  The trial of Adolf Eichmann began in Jerusalem.

EichmannAdolfSS.jpg

1963 Billy Bowden, New Zealand umpire, was born.

Billy Bowden.jpg

1965 The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1965: Fifty-one tornadoes hit in six Midwestern states, killing 256 people.

1968 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.

 

1970 Apollo 13 was launched.

 

1976 The Apple I was created.

Apple I computer

1979 Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was deposed.

 Caricature by Edmund S. Valtman

1981 A massive riot in Brixton, South London, resulted in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries.

1986 The FBI Miami shootout between eight Federal Bureau of Investigation agents and two heavily-armed and well-trained gunmen.

 

1987 The London Agreement was secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan.

1990 Customs officers in Middlesbrough,  said they had seized what they believed to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.

1993 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs.

2001 The crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, China after a collision with an J-8 fighter was released.

2002 The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda killed 21 in Tunisia.

 

2002 – An attempted coup d’état in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez took place.

2006 Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced that Iran had successfully enriched uranium.

Two hands in brown gloves holding a gray disk with a number 2068 hand-written on it

2007  2007 Algiers bombings: Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, killed 33 people and wounded a further 222 others.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


February 2 in history

February 2, 2010

On February 2:

962 Pope John XII crowned Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.

 

1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor became King of Burgundy.

1536  Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1653  New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) was incorporated.

1709 Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.

Statue of Alexander Selkirk in Lower Largo

1790 The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time.

Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg

1812 Russia established a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California.

1929  William Stanley, inventor and engineer, was born.

1848 Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.

 

1848 California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants arrives in San Francisco, California.

1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball was formed.

1880 The first electric streetlight was installed in Wabash, Indiana.

1882 James Joyce, Irish author, was born.

Half-length portrait of man in his thirties. He looks to his right so that his face is in profile. He has a mustache, a thin beard, and medium-length hair slicked back, and wears a pince-nez and a plain dark greatcoat, looking vaguely like a Russian revolutionary. 

1882 The Knights of Columbus were formed in New Haven, Connecticut.

1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day was observed.

1899 The Australian Premiers’ Conference decided to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.

1901 Queen Victoria’s funeral took place.

1905 Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author and philosopher, was born.

Half-length monochrome portrait photo of Ayn Rand, seated, holding a cigarette

1913 Grand Central Station opened in New York City.

Grand Central test.jpg

1922 Ulysses by James Joyce was published.

UlyssesCover.jpg

1925 Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reached Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.

 Statue of Balto, the lead dog on the last relay team.

  • 1925 – The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.
  • 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian, was born.

    1933 Adolf Hitler dissolved the German Parliament.

    1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States was incorporated.

    1935 Leonarde Keeler tested the first polygraph machine.

     

    1940 David Jason, English actor, was born.

    1940  Frank Sinatra debuted with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.

    1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic was made.

     
       

    1947 Farrah Fawcett, American actress, was born.

    1948 Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.

    1957 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan laid the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage.

    1967 The American Basketball Association was formed.

    1971 Idi Amin replaced President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda.

    1972  The British embassy in Dublin was destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.

    1974 The men’s 1500-metre final at the 1974 Christchurch Commonwealth Games is called the greatest middle distance race of all time. Tanzanian Filbert Bayi won in a new world record time of 3 minutes 32.16 seconds. New Zealand’s emerging middle distance star John Walker came second, also breaking the existing world record. The remarkable feature of this race was the fact that the third, fourth (New Zealander Rod Dixon) and fifth place getters ran the fourth, fifth, and seventh fastest 1500m times to that date. The national records of five countries – Tanzania, Kenya, Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand – were all broken in this race.

    ‘The greatest middle distance race of all time’

    1974 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flew for the first time.

    1976 The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.

    Groundhog Day gale of 1976
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    1987 The Philippines made a new constitution.

    1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column left Kabul.

    1989 Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched.

    1990  F.W. de Klerk allowed the African National Congress to function legally and promised to release Nelson Mandela.

    ANC logo

    1998 A Cebu Pacific Flight 387 DC-9-32 crashed into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.

    2002 Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange married Máxima Zorreguieta.

     

    2007 Four tornadoes hit Central Florida, killing 21 people.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


    January 25 in history

    January 25, 2010

    On January 25:

    41 Claudius was accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

    1327 Edward III becomes King of England.

    1494 Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.

    1533 Henry VIII secretly married his second wife Anne Boleyn.

    1554  Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.

              

    1627  Robert Boyle, Irish chemist, was born.

    1755 Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

    1759 Robert Burns, Scottish poet, was born.

     

    1791 The British Parliament passed the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.

    1792 The London Corresponding Society  was founded.

    1796 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist, was born.

    1841 Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord, was born.

    Fisher&Churchill.jpg

    1858 The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn became a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.

    1874  W. Somerset Maugham, English writer, was born.

    1879  The Bulgarian National Bank was founded.

    Coat of Arms of the Bulgarian National Bank

    1881Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company.

    1882 Virginia Woolf, English writer, was born.

    1890  Nellie Bly completed her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

    1909 Richard Strauss‘ opera Elektra receive its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.

    Strauss3.jpg

    1915  Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco.

    1918 The Ukrainian people declare independence from Bolshevik Russia.

     

     

     

     

    1919 The League of Nations was founded.

    1924 The first Winter Olympics opened in Chamonix.

    I Olympic Winter Games

    1942 : Thailand declared war on the United States and United Kingdom.

    1945 World War II: Battle of the Bulge ended.

    Battle of the Bulge.jpgAmerican soldiers of the 75th Division photographed in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge.

    1949  The first Emmy Awards were presented.

    1954 Richard Finch, American bass player (KC and the Sunshine Band), was born.

    1955 Terry Chimes, English musician (The Clash), was born.

    1960 The National Association of Broadcasters reacted to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.

    1961 John F. Kennedy delivered the first live presidential television news conference.

    1971 – Idi Amin led a coup deposing Milton Obote and became Uganda‘s president.

    1974 Dick Taylor won the 10,000 metre race on the first day of competitions at the Christchurch Commonwealth Games.

    First day of competition at the Christchurch Commonwealth Games

     1981 Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, was sentenced to death.

    1986 The National Resistance Movement toppled the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.

    1990 The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.

    1994 The Clementine space probe launched.

    Clementine

    1995 The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launched a nuclear attack after it mistook Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.

    1996 Billy Bailey became the last person to be hanged in the United States of America.

    1999 A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hit western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

    2004 Opportunity rover (MER-B) landed on surface of Mars.

    NASA Mars Rover.jpg

    2005 A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.

    2006 Three independent observing campaigns announced the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

    OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb.jpg

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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