February 16 in history

February 16, 2010

On February 16:

1032 Emperor Yingzong of China, was born.

Yingzong.jpg

1646  Battle of Great Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War.

Burton, William Shakespeare- The Wounded Cavalier.jpg An allegory of the English Civil War by William Shakespeare Burton. It depicts a Cavalier lying on the ground wounded, while a Puritan in black stands in the background.

1770 Captain James Cook sighted what he called Banks Island but later discovered is was a peninsula.

James Cook sights Banks 'Island'

 1804  First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur led a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia (1799).

Burning of the uss philadelphia.jpg

1838 Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal were killed by Zulus.

1852 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.

 The Studebaker brothers

1859 The French Government passed a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.

1899 President Félix Faure of France died in office.

1899 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland‘s first football club was founded.

KR Reykjavík.png

1918 The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopted the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.

1923 Howard Carter unsealed the burial chamber of Pharoh Tutankhamun.

1926 Margot Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish holocaust victim, was born.

1934Austrian Civil War ended with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.

1934 – Commission of Government was sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.

1936 – Elections brought the Popular Front to power in Spain.

1937Wallace H. Carothers received a patent for nylon.

Nylon 6,6 unit

1940 Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners were freed.

Altmark Incident.jpg

1941  –Kim Jong-il, North Korean leader, was born.

1947 Canadians granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King became the first Canadian citizen.

1954 – Iain Banks, Scottish author, was born.

1956 Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter, was born.

1957 The “Toddlers’ Truce“, a controversial television close down between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.

1959 John McEnroe, American tennis player, was born.

John McEnroe by David Shankbone.jpg

1959 Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.

1960 Pete Willis, English guitarist (Def Leppard), was born.

1961 Andy Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran, The Power Station), was born.

 

1961Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) was launched.

1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.

1973  Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete, was born.

1978 – The first computer bulletin board system was created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).

 Ward Christensen and the computer that ran the first public Bulletin Board System, CBBS

1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claimed the lives of 75 people.

Ash Wednesday bushfires

1985 – The founding of Hezbollah.

Hezbollah emblem

1986 – The Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov ran aground in the Marlborough Sounds.

Mikhail lermontov 1972.jpg

1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.

1991Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.

1999 – Across Europe Kurdish rebels took over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.

PKK.svg

2005 – The Kyoto Protocol came into force, following its ratification by Russia.

 Participation in the Kyoto Protocol, as of June 2009, where green indicates the countries that have signed and ratified the treaty, grey is not yet decided and red is no intention to ratify.

2005 – The National Hockey League cancelled the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs, becoming the first major sports league in North America to do so over a labor dispute.

05 NHL Shield.svg

2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) was decommissioned by the United States Army.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


January 3 in history

January 3, 2010

On January 3:

106 BC Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher, was born.

1431  Joan of Arc was handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.

 
1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tested a flying machine.
 
 A design for a flying machine.
 
  • 1521Pope Leo X excommunicatesdMartin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • 1793 Lucretia Mott, American women’s rights activist (, was born.

    1823 Stephen F. Austin received a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

    1831 Savitribai Phule, Female social activist, first female teacher in India, and first female poet in Marathi language, was born.

    1840 Surveyors arrived in Port Nicholson to lay out plans for the proposed New Zealand Company settlement of Britannia at Pito-one (Petone). When this original site proved unsuitable, the decision was made to relocate across the harbour in a settlement they called Wellington.

    New Zealand Company surveyors arrive in Port Nicholson
     
     
  • 1848Joseph Jenkins Roberts was sworn in as the first president of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1870 Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge began.

    1883  Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born.

    1887 Helen Parkhurst, American educator, was born.

     

    1888 The refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory, measuring 91 cm in diameter, was used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time.

    1892  J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (, was born.

    1899 – The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.

    1909  Victor Borge, Danish entertainer, was born.

    1916 Maxene Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters), was born.

    1922  Bill Travers, British actor and director, was born.

     

    1923 Charles Tingwell, Australian actor, was born.

    1924 British explorer Howard Carter discovered the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.

    1933 Minnie D. Craig became the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.

    1942  John Thaw, British actor, was born.

    1945  Stephen Stills, American musician (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young) was born.

    1946 John Paul Jones, British musician (Led Zeppelin), was born.

    1950  Victoria Principal, American actress, was born.

    1953 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, became the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.

    1956 A fire damaged the top part of the Eiffel Tower.

    1956  Mel Gibson, Australian actor and director, was born.

    1957 The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.

    1958 The West Indies Federation was formed.

    Flag Coat of arms

    1961 The United States severed diplomatic relations with Cuba.

    1962 Pope John XXIII excommunicated Fidel Castro.

    1977 Apple Computer was incorporated.

    1988 Margaret Thatcher became the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th Century.

    A professional photograph of a lady with ginger-blonde hair, sitting in a traditional style and wearing jewellery.

    1990 Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrendered to American forces.

     

    1993 George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin signed the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).

     1994 – More than seven million people from the former Apartheid Homelands, received South African citizenship.

     1999 The Mars Polar Lander was launched.

  • Mars Polar Lander undergoes testing.jpg
  •  
    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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