On February 26:
747 BC Epoch of Ptolemy‘s Nabonassar Era.
364 Valentinian I was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1266 Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeated a combined German and Sicilian force led by King Manfred of Sicily who was killed.
1361 Wenceslaus, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, was born.
1564 Christopher Marlowe, English dramatist, was born.
1658 Treaty of Roskilde: After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655-1661), King Frederick III of Denmark-Norway was forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden to save the rest.
1794 Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen burnt down.
1802 Victor Hugo, French writer, was born.
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from Elba.
Napoleon’s Villa Mulini on Elba
1829 – Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer, was born.
1844 Two Wellington lawyers, William Brewer and H. Ross, undertook a duel as the result of a quarrel that had arisen from a case in the Wellington County Court. When the two men faced off in Sydney Street, Brewer fired into the air but ‘received Mr. Ross’ ball in the groin’. He died a few days later.
1848 The second French Republic was proclaimed.
1852 John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, advocate of dietary reform, was born.
1861 Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary, Lenin’s wife, was born.
1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed the National Currency Act into law.
1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist, was born.
1870 In New York City, a demonstration of the first pneumatic subway opened to the public.
1885 The Berlin Act, which resulted from the Berlin Conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, was signed.
1887 – At the Sydney Cricket Ground, George Lohmann became the first bowler to take eight wickets in a Test innings.
1909 Fanny Cradock, English food writer and broadcaster, was born.
1914 Robert Alda, American actor, was born.
1914 HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, was launched at Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
1916 Jackie Gleason, American actor, writer, composer, and comedian, was born.
1917 The Original Dixieland Jazz Band records the first ever jazz record for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York.
1919 An act of the U.S. Congress established most of the Grand Canyon as the Grand Canyon National Park.
1928 Fats Domino, American musician, was born.
1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli Prime Minister, was born.
1929 The Grand Teton National Park was created.
1932 Johnny Cash, American singer, was born.
1935 The Luftwaffe was re-formed.
1935 The Daventry Experiment, Robert Watson-Watt carried out a demonstration near Daventry which led directly to the development of RADAR in the United Kingdom.
1936 Adolf Hitler opened the 1st Volkswagen plant in East Germany.
1936 – In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempted to stage a coup against the government.
1947 Sandie Shaw, English singer, was born.
1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist, was born.
1950 Helen Clark, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born.
1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that his nation had an atomic bomb.
1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, was born.
1954 Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, heir to the deposed Kingdom of Hanover and a husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco., was born.
1955 Andreas Maislinger, founder of Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service, was born.
Andreas Maislinger in middle
1958 Susan J. Helms, Astronaut, was born.
1966 Apollo Programme: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket.
1968 Tim Commerford, American bass player (Rage Against the Machine), was born.
1971 U.N. Secretary Generlal U Thant signed United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
1972 The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam killed 125 in West Virginia.
1987 Iran-Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebuked President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
1990 The Sandinistas were defeated in Nicaraguan elections.
1991 Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announced the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1993 World Trade Center bombing: A truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center exploded, killing 6 and injuring more than a thousand.
1995 The United Kingdom’s oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapsed after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, lost $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.
2000 Mount Hekla in Iceland erupts.
2001 The Taliban destroyed two giant statues of Buddha in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
2003 War in Darfur started.
2004 – F.Y.R.O.M. President Boris Trajkovski was killed in a plane crash near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
2005 Hosni Mubarak the president of Egypt ordered the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005 by asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.