1538 Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII of England.
1577 Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth, England, on a secret mission to explore the Pacific Coast of the Americas for English Queen Elizabeth I.
1773 At Wharehunga Bay, Queen Charlotte Sound, 10 men who were with James Cook’s navigator Tobias Furneaux died at the hands of Ngati Kuia and Rangitane, led by their chief, Kahura.
1819 Simón Bolívar declared the independence of the Republic of Gran Colombia in Angostura (now Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela).
1834 The Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway in Ireland opened.
1865 First performance of the Unfinished Symphony by Franz Schubert.
1889 New Zealand’s Eifel tower opened at the South Seas Exhibition.
1904 Paul Cadmus, American artist, was born.
1915 André Claveau, French singer, was born.
1918 Culmination of the Darwin Rebellion as some 1000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin.
1935 First flight of the Douglas DC-3 airplane.
|A DC-3 operated by Flygande Veteraner in Sweden
1944 Major Major, No. 1 Dog, 2NZEF, and member/mascot of 19 Battalion since 1939, died of sickness in Italy. He was buried with full military honours at Rimini.
1947 First flight of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber.
1961 Sara Dallin, English singer (Bananarama), was born.
1967 Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt disappearsed while swimming near Portsea, Victoria and was presumed drowned.
1969 The SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) began.
1969 Project Blue Book: The United States Air Force closed its study of UFOs, stating that sightings were generated as a result of “A mild form of mass hysteria, Individuals who fabricate such reports to perpetrate a hoax or seek publicity, psychopathological persons, and misidentification of various conventional objects.”
1983 The IRA bombed Harrods Department Store in London, killing six people.
1989 Pilot episode of The Simpsons aired in the United States.
2003 SpaceShipOne flight 11P, piloted by Brian Binnie, makes its first supersonic flight.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.