February 24 in history

February 24, 2010

On February 24:

303Galerius, Roman Emperor, published his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire.

Romuliana Galerius head.jpg

1387  King Charles III of Naples and Hungary was assassinated at Buda.

1538 Treaty of Nagyvarad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya.

 

1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced the Gregorian calendar.

Gregory XIII.jpg

1607L’Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognised as an opera, premiered.

Head of a heavily bearded short-haired man with a  serious expression, leaning slightly forward and facing semi-right,  although his eyes look straight ahead. A white collar over a dark coat  or cloak is also visible.

1711 The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London  stage.

1739 Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeated the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.

Nader Shah Afshar.jpg 

1786 Wilhelm Grimm, German philologist and folklorist, was born.

The Grimm Brothers, Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm

1803 The Supreme Court of the United States, in Marbury v. Madison, established the principle of judicial review.

1804 London‘s Drury Lane Theatre burnt to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.

 

1822 The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, was inaugurated.

Shree Swaminarayan Sampraday, Ahmedabad.jpg

1826  The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marked the end of the First Burmese War.

1831 The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, was proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi ceded land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.

 

1839 William Otis received a patent for the steam shovel.

 

1848 King Louis-Philippe of France abdicated.

1868 The first parade to have floats was staged at Mardi Gras in New Orleans.

1868 – Andrew Johnson became the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives.

 

 

1875 The SS Gothenburg hit the Great Barrier Reef and sank off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100.

SS Gothenburg.jpg

1877  Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist, was born.

 

1893 The American University was chartered by an act of the Congress.

AUlogo.jpg

1895 Revolution broke out in Baire beginning the second war for Cuban independence.

1899 Western Washington University was established.

1902 The Battle of Langverwacht Hill ended.

End of the battle of Langverwacht Hill
 

1909 – The Hudson Motor Car Company was founded.

Hudson Logo.svg

1917 The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom was given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledged to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.

 

1918Estonian Declaration of Independence.

 

1920 The Nazi Party was founded.

NSDAP Reichsadler.svg

1926  Jean Alexander, English actress, was born.

Hildaogden2.jpg

1942 Battle of Los Angeles: a UFO flying over Los Angeles caused a blackout order at 2:25 a.m. and attracted a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, ultimately killing 3 civilians.

 

1942 Paul Jones, English singer (Manfred Mann), was born.

1945 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha was killed in Parliamen.

1948 Dennis Waterman, British actor, was born.

1968  The Tet Offensive was halted; South Vietnam recaptured Hué.

TetMap.jpg

1970 National Public Radio was founded in the United States.

NPR-Logo

1976 Cuba’s national Constitution proclaimed.

1981 Buckingham Palace announcedthe engagement of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer.

 

1981 – An earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hit Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.

1989Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offered a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.

1988 Salman Rushdie The Satanic Verses.jpg

1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, Hawaii, ripped open during flight, sucking 9 passengers out of the business-class section.

1999 – A China Southern Airlines Tupolev TU-154 airliner crashed on approach to Wenzhou airport killing 61.

2006 Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.

2007 Japan launched its fourth spy satellite.

2008 Fidel Castro retired as the President of Cuba.

 

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


October 15 in history

October 15, 2009

On October 15:

70 BC The Roman poet Virgil, was born.


A bust of Virgil, from the entrance to his tomb.

533 Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.

1582 Pope Gregory XIII implemented the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, October 4 of this year was followed directly by October 15.

1815 Napoleon I of France began his exile on Saint Helena

Full length portrait of a man in his forties, in high-ranking dress white and dark blue military uniform. He stands amid rich 18th-century furniture laden with papers, and gazes at the viewer. His hair is Brutus style, cropped close but with a short fringe in front, and his right hand is tucked in his waistcoat.

1844 German philosopher –Friedrich Nietzsche was born.

1877 Sir George Grey became Premier of New Zealand.

1878 The Edison Electric Light Company began operation.

1881 English author – P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse was born.

1905 English author  C. P. (Charles Percy) Snow was born.

1908 Canadian born US economist John Kenneth Galbraith was born.

1920 Mario Puzo, US author, was born.

1924 US industrialist – Lee Iacocca was born.

1928 The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight.

 

1934 The Soviet Republic of China collapsed when Chiang Kai-shek‘s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircled Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.

1951 Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducted the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first two oral contraceptives.

1959 Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York, was born.

 

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


September 14 in history

September 14, 2009

On September 14:

1752 The British empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.

1909 British naturalist Peter Scott was born.

 

Statue of Sir Peter Scott at the WWT London Wetland Centre

1938 the Social Secrirty Act was passed

1947 NZ actor Sam Neill was born in Northern Ireland.

1982 Princess Grace of Monaco died.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


September 2 in history

September 2, 2009

On September 2:

1666 The Great fire of London started. 

1752 Great Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar.

1937 Derek Fowlds, the English actor who played Bernard Woolley in Yes Minister, was born.

1945 Vietnam declared its independence.

 

1960 Peter Snell won a gold medal in the 800 metres and Murray Halberg won the gold in the 5000m race at the Rome Olympics.


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