January 2 in history


On January 2:

1492  Reconquista: the emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrendered.

La rendición de Granada (1882) by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz.
1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers was founded.
1860  The discovery of the planet Vulcan was announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris. 

1871 Amadeus I became King of Spain.

1873 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun, was born.

 1938 The first official New Zealand airmail to the United States departed Auckland for San Francisco aboard Pan American Airline’s Samoan Clipper, a Sikorsky S-42B flying boat was piloted by Captain Ed Musick.

First official airmail flight to San Francisco
1947 David Shapiro, American poet, literary critic, and art historian, was born.
1949 Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico

1955  Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon was assassinated.

1959  Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, was launched by the U.S.S.R.

Luna 1

1967 Francois Pienaar, South African rugby player, Sprinbok, was born.

P1010921 FP.jpg

  • 1971 – The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a RangersCeltic football match.
  •  Memorial at Ibrox

    1974  President Richard Nixon signed a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.

    1975  Reuben Thorne, New Zealand All Black, was born.

    1999  A brutal snowstorm hit the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunged to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths were reported

    2001 Sila Calderón became the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.

  • 2002Eduardo Duhalde was appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

    December 30 in history


    On December 30:

    39  Titus, Roman emperor was born.

    Tito, testa in marmo da Pantelleria.jpg

    1066 Granada massacre: A Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city.

     1460  Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield.

     Roses-Lancaster victory.svg

    1835 Charles Darwin left New Zealand after a nine day visit.

    Charles Darwin leaves NZ after 9-day visitThis red gurnard was collected by Charles Darwin when the Beagle visited the Bay of Islands.

    Rudyard Kipling, English writer, Nobel laureate, was born.

    1916 The last coronation in Hungary iw performed for King Charles IV and Queen Zita.

     King Charles IV taking his coronation oath on 30 December 1916

  • 1919Lincoln’s Inn in London admitted its first female bar student.
  • 1922  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.

    Flag Coat of arms

    1924 Edwin Hubble announces the existence of other galaxies.

    1927  The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opened in Tokyo, Japan.

     One of the original 1000 series cars.

    1931  Skeeter Davis, American singer, was born.

    1937 Noel Paul Stookey, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary), was born.

    1940 California opened its first freeway the Arroyo Seco Parkway.

    1944 King George II of Greece declared a regency, leaving the throne vacant.

    1945  Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees), was born.

    1947 King Michael of Romania was forced to abdicate by the Soviet-backed Communist government of Romania.

    1947 Jeff Lynne, English musician (ELO), was born.

    1948  The Cole Porter Broadway musical, Kiss Me, Kate (1,077 performances), opened at the New Century Theatre and was the first show to win the Best Musical Tony Award.

    Caucasian man in his thirties smiling and looking to the camera. He has a round face, full lips and large dark eyes, and his short dark hair is combed to the side. He is wearing a dark jacket, a white shirt and a black tie with white dots.

    1950 Bjarne Stroustrup, Danish computer scientist, creator of C++, was born.

    1953 The first ever NTSC colour television sets went on sale for about USD at $1,175 each from RCA.

    RCA Logo

    1959 Tracey Ullman, English actress and singer, was born.

    Tracy Ullman 1990.jpg

    1965  Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Philippines.

    1975 Tiger Woods, American golfer, was born.

    Tiger Woods drives by Allison.jpg

    1993  Israel and the Vatican established diplomatic relations.

    2004 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina killed 194.

     Relatives of the deceased in the fire light candles in a public protest against the perceived lack of control by the government.

    2005  Tropical Storm Zeta formed in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.

    2006  Madrid Barajas International Airport was bombed.

    Barajas overview1.jpg

    2006 Deposed President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, convicted of the executions of 148 Iraqi Shiites, was executed.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

    November 25 in history


    On November 25:

    1491 The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, began.

    Granada 1492 Detail.jpg

    1343 A tsunami, caused by the earthquake in the Tyrrhenian Sea, devastated Naples  and the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.

    1703 The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, reached its peak intensity which it maintained through November 27. Winds gusted up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people died.

    1759 An earthquake hit the Mediterranean, Beirut and Damascus were completely destroyed, 30,000-40,000 people died.

    1833 A  massive undersea earthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2 rocked Sumatra, producing a massive tsunami all along the Indonesian coasts.

    1839  A cyclone hit India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa. The storm wave swept inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths resulted.

    1835 Andrew Carnegie, British-born industrialist and philanthropist, was born.


    1844  Karl Benz, German engineer and inventor, was born.

    1867  Alfred Nobel patented dynamite.


    1880 John Flynn (minister), Founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, was born.

    1880  Elsie J. Oxenham, British children’s author, was born.

    1890 Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet and artist, was born.

    1903  Timaru boxer Bob Fitzsimmons became the first man ever to be world champion in three different weight divisions.

    1909  P.D. Eastman, American children’s author and screenwriter, was born.

    1914  Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player, was born.

    1915 Augusto Pinochet, Chilean Dictator, was born.

    1926 The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history struck. 27 twisters of great strength were reported in the Midwest, including the strongest November tornado, an estimated F4, that devastated Heber Springs, Arkansas. There were 51 deaths in Arkansas alone, 76 deaths and  400 injuries in all.

    1940 First flight of the deHavilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.


    1947  New Zealand ratified the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.

    1950  Alexis Wright, Australian author, was born.

    1950 The “Storm of the Century“, a violent snowstorm, paralyzed the northeastern United States and the Appalachians, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, recorded 57 inches of snow. 323 people died as a result of the storm.


    Surface Analysis showing cyclone near time of maximum intensity on November 26, 1950.

    1952 Agatha Christie‘s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opensedat the Ambassadors Theatre in London and eventually became the longest continuously-running play in history.

    StMartins theatre London2.jpg

    1975  Suriname gained independence from the Netherlands.

    1984  36 top musicians gathered in a Notting Hill studio torecord Band Aid‘s Do They Know It’s Christmas in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.

    Cover art for the original release (artist Peter Blake)

    1986 The King Fahd Causeway was officially opened in the Persian Gulf.

    1987 Super Typhoon Nina pummeled the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that swallows entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths were attributed to the storm.
    1996  An ice storm strikes the central U.S. killing 26 people. A powerful windstorm affects Florida and winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.
    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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