On November 21:
1694 Voltaire, French philosopher, was born.
1787 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate, was born.
1905 Albert Einstein‘s paper, Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?, was published in the journal “Annalen der Physik”. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This led to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
1929 Marilyn French, American feminist writer, was born.
1936 Victor Chang, Australian physician, was born.
1941 Juliet Mills, British actress, was born.
1945 Goldie Hawn, American actress, was born.
1948 George Zimmer, American entrepreneur, was born.
1977 Minister of Internal Affairs Allan Highet announced that ‘the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem “God Save the Queen” and the poem “God Defend New Zealand“, written by Thomas Bracken, as set to music by John Joseph Woods, both being of equal status as national anthems appropriate to the occasion.