On November 19:
1600 King Charles I of England was born.
1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer, was born.
1816 Warsaw University was established.
1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The only confirmed photo of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg (circled), taken about noon, just after Lincoln arrived and some three hours before the speech.
1905 Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader, was born.
1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.
1917 Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India was born.
1933 Larry King, American TV personality, was born.
1942 Calvin Klein, American clothing designer, was born.
1942 Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launched the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
1961 Meg Ryan, American actress, was born.
1962 Jodie Foster, American actress, was born.
1969 Football player Pelé scored his 1,000th goal.
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
became the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel.
1984 A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.
1997 , Bobbi McCaughey
gave birth to septuplets
in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They became the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2009.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.