February 17 in history

17/02/2010

On February 17:

1500 The Battle of Hemmingstedt.

1600 The philosopher Giordano Bruno was burned alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome for heresy.

1801 An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was resolved when Jefferson was elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.

Jefferson portrait by Charles Willson Peale 

1809 Miami University was chartered by the State of Ohio.

Seal of Miami University

1814 The Battle of Mormans.

 1819 The United States House of Representatives passed the Missouri Compromise.

 The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in the Unorganized territory of the Great Plains (dark green) and permitted it in Missouri (yellow) and the Arkansas Territory (lower blue area).

1848 Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer, was born.

 

1854 The United Kingdom recognised the independence of the Orange Free State.

1864  Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, was born.

1864 The H. L. Hunley became the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.

Css hunley on pier.jpg

1867 The first ship passed through the Suez Canal.

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1873 The editor of the Daily Southern Cross, David Luckie, published a hoax report of a Russian invasion of Auckland by the cruiser Kaskowiski (cask of whisky).

'The Russians are coming!'

1877  Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer, was born.

 

1904 Madama Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini received its premiere at La Scala in Milan.

1913 The Armory Show opened in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.

 

1917 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (colour television), was born.

 

1924  Johnny Weissmuller set a new world record in the 100-yard freestyle swimming competition with a time of 52-2/5 seconds.

1924 Margaret Truman, American novelist (, was born.

1925 Harold Ross and Jane Grant founded The New Yorker magazine.

 2004 cover with dandy Eustace Tilley, created by Rea Irvin. Eustace Tilley debuted on the first cover and reappears on anniversary issues

1925 Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor, was born.

image of Ron Goodwin 

1929 Patricia Routledge, English actress, was born.

1930 Ruth Rendell, English writer, was born.

1933 Newsweek magazine was published for the first time.

 

1933 – The Blaine Act ended Prohibition in the United States.

1934 Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian, was born.

Barry Humphries July 2001.jpg

1940  Gene Pitney, American singer, was born.

1945 Brenda Fricker, Irish actress, was born.

1947 The Voice of America began to transmit radio broadcasts to the Soviet Union.

Voice of America Logo.svg

1958 Pope Pius XII declared Saint Clare of Assisi (1193~1253) the patron saint of television.

 

1959 Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite was launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.

Vanguard 2

1962 A storm killed more than 300 people in Hamburg.

1963 Michael Jordan, American basketball player, was born.

A smiling bald African American man wearing a silver earring and herringbone jacket

1964 Gabonese president Leon M’ba was toppled by a coup and his archrival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, was installed in his place.

 

1965  The Ranger 8 probe launched on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions.

Mtranquillitatis.jpg

1972 Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceeded those of Ford Model-T.

Volkswagen Beetle .jpg

1978 A Provisional IRA incendiary bomb was detonated at the La Mon restaurant, near Belfast, killing 12 and seriously injuring 30.

1979 The Sino-Vietnamese War started.

1995 – The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN.

1996 World champion Garry Kasparov beat the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match.

Garri kasparow 20070318.jpg

1996 – NASA’s Discovery Programme started as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifted off on the first mission ever to orbit and land upon an asteroid, 433 Eros.

Near Shoemaker.jpg

2003 The London Congestion Charge scheme began.

 

2006 A massive mudslide occurred in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll was 1,126.

 

2008 Kosovo declared independence.

Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia


February 10 in history

10/02/2010

On February 10:

1306  Robert the Bruce murdered John Comyn, his leading political rival sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence

1355 The St. Scholastica’s Day riot broke out in Oxford leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

1567 An explosion destroyed the Kirk o’ Field house in Edinburgh. The second husband of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley was found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination.

 1567 drawing of Kirk o’ Field after the murder of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley drawn for Cecil (William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley) shortly after the murder.

1763 The 1763 Treaty of Paris ended theFrench and Indian War and France ceded Quebec to Great Britain.

French and Indian War map.png

1775 Charles Lamb, English essayist, was born.

1798 Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome.

1814 Battle of Champaubert

1840 Queen Victoria  married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

 Marriage of Victoria and Albert by Sir George Hayter

1846 First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon – British defeated Sikhs in final battle of the war.

 Raja Lal Singh, who led Sikh forces against the British during the First Anglo-Sikh War, 1846

1870 The YWCA was founded.

1893 Jimmy Durante, American actor/comedian (, was born.

1894  Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister, was born.

1906 HMS Dreadnought (1906) was launched.

HMS Dreadnought 1906 H61017.jpg

1920 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performed a symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.

 

1923 Texas Tech University was founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock.

1930  Robert Wagner, American actor, was born.

 

1931 New Delhi became the capital of India.

1933 The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.

1934 Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet, was born.

1937 Roberta Flack, American singer, was born.

1947 Italy ceded most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.

1950 Mark Spitz, American swimmer, was born.

Mark Spitz Jul 2008-2.jpg

1952 Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore. was born.

1955  – Greg Norman, Australian golfer, was born.

Gerg Norman visit USS John F Kennedy.jpg

1962 Captured American spy pilot Gary Powers was exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

  

  • 1964 – The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne (R21) collided with the destroyer HMAS Voyager (D04) off the south coast of New South Wales.
  •  Animation showing the courses and positions of the two ships leading up to the collision

    1967 The provision of free milk in schools ended.

    End of free school milk

     The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.

    1981A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino killed eight and injured 198.

    1982  Iafeta Paleaaesina, New Zealand rugby league player, was born.

    Feka Wigan.jpg

    1989 Ron Brown became the first African American to lead a major American political party when he was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

    1996 The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov for the first time.

      Garri kasparow 20070318.jpg

    2008 The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damaged Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.

     

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


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