On January 13:
1607 The Bank of Genoa failed after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1822 The design of the Greek flag was adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana began.
1842 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, became famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reached the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
Remnants of an Army by Elizabeth Butler
1847 The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the Mexican-American War in California.
1885 Alfred Fuller, Canadian businessman, The “Fuller Brush Man”, was born.
1890 Thomas William Murphy or ‘Torpedo Billy’, became the first New Zealander to win a world title in professional boxing.
1893 The Independent Labour Party of the UK had its first meeting.
1915 An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy killed 29,800.
1926 Michael Bond, British writer, was born.
1939 The Black Friday bush fires burnt 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 Carol Cleveland, English actress and only significant female performer in Monty Python’s Flying Circus, was born.
1942 Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile, which was 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1953 Marshal Josip Broz Tito was chosen as President of Yugoslavia.
1958 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushed Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1966 Robert C. Weaver became the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
1985 A passenger train plunged into a ravine at Ethiopia, killing 428 in the worst rail disaster in Africa.
1992 – Japan apologised for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery (Comfort women) during World War II.
2001 An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.