CPI up 1.6% dairy farm costs up 10% a hectare

15/07/2008

Consumers and producers are counting the costs associated with rising inflation.

The Consumer Price Index  went up 1.6% in the June quarter and pushed inflation up to 4% while dairy farm working costs  rose 10% a hectare in the past year.

Specialist dairy farm and business management company, Farmright, surveyed 50 farms which the company manages and found that between 2006-07 and 2007-08, feed rose 25%, fertiliser 24% and freight and cartage 37% per hectare.

Farmright manager Jim Lee said fertiliser costs had gone up further since the survey was done, and wage costs were also creeping up on dairy farmers.

Wage costs only rose 3% last year, but newly negotiated contracts indicated that figure would increase sharply this year because of greater demand and a shortage of workers.

The shortage of staff is critical and it’s not helped by immigration policy which requries herd managers to have a bachelor’s degree or five years relevant work experience if they are applying for residency.

“We know from contracts being negotiated for new and existing staff being rolled over that there have been some increases.”

The cost of production, which included feed, run-off costs and cost of management, but excluded depreciation on the Farmright-managed farms, rose from $2.91 per kg of milk solids (kg m/s) in 2006-07 to $3.61 per kg m/s in 2007-08.

Mr Lee said drought and cost increases had an impact. But he said some businesses were now operating at higher cost structures than they would be aware of.

He believed some farmers would be faced with costs of $6 per kg, made up of $4 per kg farm input costs and interest costs of $2 per kg.

“Cost control and financial discipline are more important now than ever before,” he said.

It is easy to let costs get away when the payout is high but not so easy to rein them in when the price falls.

However, one of the speaker’s at last year’s South Island Dairy event (SIDE) conference told how he’d gone into dairying when the milk payout was $5.30 and the next year it went down to $3.60 – but they made more that season than the previous one because they were much more disciplined about containing costs.


On-farm inflation 9.7%

15/07/2008

A 9.7% increase in costs for sheep and beef farmers in the year to March 2008 is the highest rate of on-farm inflation since 1986-87 when input prices rose 13.2%.

The previous year the price of inputs increased 2.7%.

Major increases were:

Fertiliser, lime & seeds:         30%

Fuel:                                      23.5%

Feed & grazing:                     13.7%

Interest:                                 9.0%

Electricity                               7.2%

Local Govt. rates                    6.6%

Although the high dollar reduced the price of imported goods, fertilsier, lime and seed prices still increased by 30%. The price of fertiliser increased from $260 to $480, another 60%, between March and June, June but that is not included in these figures.  

Local Government rates increased 6.6 per cent. This was the second largest increase in 17 years and in the last five years the overall increase was 33 per cent, an average of 6.6 per cent per year. The overall cumulative increase over 5 years to March 2008 was 22.7 per cent, while over 10 years the increase was 37.0 per cent.

In comparison the CPI rate of increase over 5 years was 14.0 per cent, well below the 22.7 per cent for sheep and beef farm input prices

If interest is excluded, the underlying rate of on-farm inflation in 2007-08 was up 8.3 per cent.

Meat & Wool Economic Service figures for the annual on farm inflation percentage change in the past 10 years:

including interest        (underlying % change) excluding interest

1998 -99         -2.0%                                          0.9%

1999-00                 2.8                                                             1.4

2000-01                 5.2                                                             6.0

2001-02                 1.7                                                             2.8

2002-03                 3.6                                                             3.4

2003-04                -0.2                                                             0.0

2004-05                 4.1                                                             3.7

2005-06                 4.8                                                             5.2

2006-07                 2.7                                                             2.7

2007-08                 9.7                                                             9.8

 


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