963 – Nikephoros II Phokas was crowned emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1513 – Battle of the Spurs (Battle of Guinegate) – King Henry VIII of England defeated French Forces.
1777 American Revolutionary War: The Americans led by General John Stark routed British and Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at theBattle of Bennington.
1780 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden – The British defeated the Americans.
1792 Maximilien Robespierre presented the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.
1819 Seventeen people died and more than 600 were injured by cavalry charges at the Peterloo Massacre at a public meeting at St. Peter’s Field, Manchester.
1841 U.S. President John Tyler vetoed a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
1859 The Tuscan National Assembly formally deposed the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
1865 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic which regained its independence after 4 years of fighting against Spanish Annexation.
1868 Arica, Peru (now Chile) was devastated by a tsunami which followed a magnitude 8.5 earthquake in the Peru-Chile Trench off the coast. An estimated 25,000 people in Arica and perhaps 70,000 people in all were killed.
1869 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children was massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870 Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-La-Tour resulted in a Prussian victory.
1888 T. E. Lawrence, English writer and soldier, was born (d. 1935).
1896 Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmackn and Dawson Charlie discovered gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
1902 Georgette Heyer, English novelist, was born (d. 1974).
1913 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admitted its first female students.
1913 Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1992).
1913 – Completion of the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary.
1914 World War I: Battle of Cer began.
1920 Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians was hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day.
1920 – The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opened.
1929 The 1929 Palestine riots in the British Mandate of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1930 The first colour sound cartoon, Fiddlesticks, was made by Ub Iwerks.
1940 Bruce Beresford, Australian film director, was born.
1940 World War II: The Communist Party was banned in German-occupied Norway.
1941 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opened at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.
1942 World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappeared on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean.
1944 Council of Organisations for Relief Service Overseas (CORSO) was formed.
1944 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
1945 An assassination attempt on Japan’s prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.
1945 – Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.
1947 – Carol Moseley Braun, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to New Zealand, was born.
1954 The first edition of Sports Illustrated was published.
1954 – James Cameron, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter, was born.
1957 Tim Farriss, Australian musician (INXS), was born.
1958 – Madonna, American singer-songwriter, producer, actress, and director, was born.
1960 Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
1960 Joseph Kittinger parachuted from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,330 m), setting three record: High-altitude jump, free-fall, and highest speed by a human without an aircraft.
1966 Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee began investigations of Americans who aided the Viet Cong.
1972 Emily Robison, American country singer (Dixie Chicks), was born.
1972 The Royal Moroccan Air Force fired on, Hassan II of Morocco‘s plane.
1987 A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed on take-off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus, Michigan, killing 155 passengers and crew. The sole survivor was four-year-old Cecelia Cichan.
1989 A solar flare created a geomagnetic storm that affected micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto’s stock market.
1992 In response to an appeal by President Fernando Collor de Mello to wear green and yellow as a way to show support for him, thousands of Brazilians took to the streets dressed in black.
2005 West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashed near Machiques, Venezuela, killing the 160 aboard.
2008 – Caroline and Georgina Evers-Swindell defended Olympic rowing title at Beijing – winning gold by 1/100th of a second
2008 – The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago was topped off at 1,389 feet (423 m), at the time becoming the world’s highest residence above ground-level.
2010 – China Overtook Japan as World’s Second-Biggest Economy
2012 – South African police fatally shot 34 miners and wounded 78 more during an industrial dispute near Rustenburg.
2013 – The ferry St. Thomas Aquinas collided with a cargo ship and sinks at Cebu, Philippines, killing 61 people and 59 others missing.
2015 – More than 96 people were killed and hundreds injured following a series of air-raids by the Syrian Arab Air Force on the rebel-held market town of Douma.
2015 – At least 22 people were killed in a suicide bombing in Punjab, Pakistan.
2017 – Minamata Convention on Mercury entered into force.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia