1060 – Béla I of Hungary was crowned king of Hungary.
1240 – Mongol invasion of Rus: Kiev under Danylo of Halych and Voivode Dmytro fell to the Mongols under Batu Khan.
1642 – Johann Christoph Bach, German organist and composer, was born (d. 1703).
1648 Colonel Pride of the New Model Army purged the Long Parliament of MPs sympathetic to King Charles I in order for the King’s trial to go ahead; – “Pride’s Purge“.
1704 – Battle of Chamkaur.
1721 – James Elphinston, Scottish philologist and educator, was born (d. 1809).
1745 – Charles Edward Stewart’s army began retreat during the second Jacobite Rising.
1768 The first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica was published.
1792 – William II of the Netherlands was born (d. 1849).
1849 American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery.
1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, banning slavery.
1872 – Arthur Henry Adams, Australian journalist and author, was born (d. 1936).
1877 The first edition of the Washington Post was published.
1877 – Thomas Edison created the first recording of a human voice, reciting “Mary Had a Little Lamb”.
1884 The Washington Monument in Washington D.C. was completed.
1887 – Lynn Fontanne, British actress, was born (d. 1983).
1896 – Ira Gershwin, American songwriter, was born (d. 1983).
1897 London became the world’s first city to host licensed taxicabs.
1900 Agnes Moorehead, American actress, was born (d. 1974).
1905 – For the first time in New Zealand’s electoral history, registered voters who were away from their electorate on polling day were able to cast a ‘special’ absentee vote at any polling booth in the country.
1905 – Elizabeth Yates, American journalist and author, was born (d. 2001).
1907 – A coal mine explosion at Monongah, West Virginia killed 362 workers.
1908 – Pierre Graber, Swiss lawyer and politician, 69th President of the Swiss Confederation, was born (d. 2003).
1916 – Kristján Eldjárn, Icelandic educator and politician, 3rd President of Iceland, was born (d. 1982).
1917 Finland declared independence from Russia.
1917 Halifax Explosion: A munitions explosion killed more than 1900 people and destroyed part of the City of Halifax.
1917 – Irv Robbins, Canadian-American businessman, co-founded Baskin-Robbins, was born (d. 2008).
1921 The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed in London by British and Irish representatives.
1922 The Irish Free State came into existence
1947 The Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated.
1952 – Charles Bronson, English criminal, was born.
1956 – Aged 14, swimmer Sandra Morgan became the youngest Australian to win an Olympic gold medal.
1957 – A launchpad explosion of Vanguard TV3 thwarted the first United States’ attempt to launch a satellite into Earth orbit.
1965 – Pakistan’s Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommended that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
1975 – Balcombe Street Siege: An IRA Active Service Unit took a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London.
1977 – South Africa granted independence to Bophuthatswana, although it was not recognized by any other country.
1978 – Spain approved its latest constitution in a referendum.
1982 – Droppin Well bombing: The Irish National Liberation Army detonated a bomb in Ballykelly, killing eleven British soldiers and six civilians.
1988 – The Australian Capital Territory was granted self-government.
1989 The École Polytechnique Massacre (or Montreal Massacre): an anti-feminist gunman murdered 14 young women at the École Polytechnique in Montreal.
1992 – Extremist Hindu activists demolished Babri Masjid – a 16th century mosque in Ayodhya, India which had been used as a temple since 1949.
1997 – A Russian Antonov An-124 cargo plane crashed into an apartment complex near Irkutsk, Siberia, killing 67.
1998 – Hugo Chávez Frías, Venezuelan military officer and politician, was elected President of Venezuela.
2005 – Several villagers were shot dead during protests in Dongzhou,China.
2006 – NASA revealed photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyorsuggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.
2008 – The 2008 Greek riots broke out upon the murder of a 15-year-old boy, Alexandros Grigoropoulos.
2015 – Venezuelan elections were held and for the first time in 17 years the United Socialist Party of Venezuela lost its majority in parliament.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.