February 1 in history


On February 1:

1327 Teenaged Edward III was crowned King of England, but the country was ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

1662 Chinese general Koxinga seized the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.

1663 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino foundress of the Religious of the Virgin Mary, was born.

1790 The Supreme Court of the United States attempted to convene for the first time.

1793 French Revolutionary Wars: France declared war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.


1814 Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupted, killing around 1,200 people.

1842 The Fifeshire arrived in Nelson with the first immigrants for the New Zealand Company’s latest venture, which followed the settlement of Wellington, New Plymouth and Wanganui.

First NZ Company settlers arrive in Nelson

1861 Texas seceded from the United States.

1862 Julia Ward Howe‘s “Battle Hymn of the Republic” was published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.


1865 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

1973 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, was born.


1884 Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary was published.

1893 Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.

1896 The opera La bohème premieresd in Turin.

 Mimì’s costume for act 1 of La bohème designed by Adolf Hohenstein for the world premiere

1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opened in Seoul.

Logo of Shinhan Bank

1901 Clark Gable, American actor, was born.

1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.


1918 Muriel Spark, Scottish author, was born.


1920 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police began operations.

1931 Boris Yeltsin, 1st President of the Russian Federation, was born.

1934 Bob Shane, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio), was born.

1937 Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers), was born.

1937 Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show), was born.

1942 Vidkun Quisling was appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi occupiers.

1943 The German 6th Army surrendered at Stalingrad.

1946 Trygve Lie of Norway was picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General.

1957 Felix Wankel‘s first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany.


1958 Egypt and Syria merge to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961.

1958 The United States Army launched Explorer 1.

1960 Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins.

1965 The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada was renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill.


1968 – Canada’s three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, were unified into the Canadian Forces.

Canadian Forces emblem.png

1972  Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.


1974 A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo killed 189 and injures 293.

1979 – The Ayatollah Khomeini was welcomed back into Tehran after nearly 15 years of exile.


1981 Trans-Tasman sporting relations reached breaking point at the Melbourne Cricket Ground when Australian captain Greg Chappell ordered his brother Trevor to bowl underarm (along the ground) for the final delivery of a limited-overs cricket international against New Zealand.

Trevor Chappell bowls underarm

1989 The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.

Kal Post mod.jpg

1992 The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case.

1996 The Communications Decency Act was passed by the U.S. Congress.

1998 Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.


  • 2003Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
  • 2004 251 people were trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
    2005 King Gyanendra exercised a coup d’état to capture Neapl, becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.

    2005 – Canada introduced the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage

    2009 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay head of state in the modern world.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia

    January 26 in history


    On January 26:

    340  King Edward III of England is declared King of France.

    1500  Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.

    1531  Lisbon was hit by an earthquake–thousands die.

    1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

    1565 Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, led to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.

    1589  Job was elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

    1699  Treaty of Carlowitz was signed.

     Poland after the Treaty of Karlowitz
    1700 A magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America.

    1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor, was born.

    1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader, was born.

    1736 Stanislaus I of Poland abdicated his throne.

    1788 The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sailed into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent.


    1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.

    The arrest of Bligh propaganda cartoon from around 1810.jpgA contemporary propaganda cartoon of Bligh’s arrest produced to show Bligh as being a coward[1]

    1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican Republic’s founding father, was born.

    1838 Tennessee enacted the first prohibition law in the United States.

    1841 The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong.

    1844 Governor Fitzroy arrived to investigate the Wairau incident

    Governor FitzRoy arrives to investigate Wairau incident

    1855 Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington Territory.

    1857 Trinley Gyatso, Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama, was born.

    12thDalai Lama.jpg

    1880 Douglas MacArthur, American general, was born.

    MacArthur Manila.jpg

    1885 Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquered Khartoum.

    1892 Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator, was born.

    1904  Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

    1905 The Cullinan Diamond was found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria.

     Glass copies of the nine diamonds cut from the Cullinan

    1905 Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer, was born,

    1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III was officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

    SMLE Mk III.jpg

    1908  Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, was born.

    1911 Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful American seaplane.

    1911 – Richard Strauss‘ opera Der Rosenkavalier debuted at the Dresden State Opera.

    1913 Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter, was born.

    1918 Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, was born.

    1920 Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launchedthe Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

    1922 Michael Bentine, British comedian and founding member of The Goons, was born.

    1924 St.Petersburg was renamed Leningrad.

    1925  Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner, was born.

    1930 The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.

    1934 The Apollo Theater reopened in Harlem.

    1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact was signed.

    1939 Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy took Barcelona.

    The El Campesino directing Republican soldiers at Villanueva de la Canada.jpg

    1942 World War II: The first United States forces arrived in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.

    1945  Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist, was born.

    1950 The Constitution of India came into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as its first President. 

    1952  Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burnt Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.

    1955  Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician (Van Halen), was born.

    1958 Japanese  ferry Nankai Maru capsised off southern Awaji Island, 167 killed.

    1958 Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian, was born.

    Ellen DeGeneres (2004).jpg

  • 1961 Janet G. Travell  was the first woman to be appointed physician to the president (Kennedy).
  • 1962  Ranger 3 was launched to study the moon.

    Ranger 3

    1965  Hindi became the official language of India.

    1978  The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).

  • 1980Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
  • 1984 Floods devestated Southland.

    Floods devastate Southland

    1988  Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s The Phantom of the Opera had its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre.

    1991  Mohamed Siad Barre was removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and was succeeded by Ali Mahdi.

    1992  Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.

    1998 Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

    2001 An earthquake in Gujarat, India, caused more than 20,000 deaths.

    2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

  • 2004 – A decomposing  whale exploded in the town of Tainan, Taiwan.
  • Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia.

    January 25 in history


    On January 25:

    41 Claudius was accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

    1327 Edward III becomes King of England.

    1494 Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.

    1533 Henry VIII secretly married his second wife Anne Boleyn.

    1554  Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.


    1627  Robert Boyle, Irish chemist, was born.

    1755 Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

    1759 Robert Burns, Scottish poet, was born.


    1791 The British Parliament passed the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.

    1792 The London Corresponding Society  was founded.

    1796 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist, was born.

    1841 Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord, was born.


    1858 The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn became a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.

    1874  W. Somerset Maugham, English writer, was born.

    1879  The Bulgarian National Bank was founded.

    Coat of Arms of the Bulgarian National Bank

    1881Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company.

    1882 Virginia Woolf, English writer, was born.

    1890  Nellie Bly completed her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

    1909 Richard Strauss‘ opera Elektra receive its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.


    1915  Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco.

    1918 The Ukrainian people declare independence from Bolshevik Russia.





    1919 The League of Nations was founded.

    1924 The first Winter Olympics opened in Chamonix.

    I Olympic Winter Games

    1942 : Thailand declared war on the United States and United Kingdom.

    1945 World War II: Battle of the Bulge ended.

    Battle of the Bulge.jpgAmerican soldiers of the 75th Division photographed in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge.

    1949  The first Emmy Awards were presented.

    1954 Richard Finch, American bass player (KC and the Sunshine Band), was born.

    1955 Terry Chimes, English musician (The Clash), was born.

    1960 The National Association of Broadcasters reacted to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.

    1961 John F. Kennedy delivered the first live presidential television news conference.

    1971 – Idi Amin led a coup deposing Milton Obote and became Uganda‘s president.

    1974 Dick Taylor won the 10,000 metre race on the first day of competitions at the Christchurch Commonwealth Games.

    First day of competition at the Christchurch Commonwealth Games

     1981 Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, was sentenced to death.

    1986 The National Resistance Movement toppled the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.

    1990 The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.

    1994 The Clementine space probe launched.


    1995 The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launched a nuclear attack after it mistook Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.

    1996 Billy Bailey became the last person to be hanged in the United States of America.

    1999 A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hit western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

    2004 Opportunity rover (MER-B) landed on surface of Mars.

    NASA Mars Rover.jpg

    2005 A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.

    2006 Three independent observing campaigns announced the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.


    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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