October 5 in history

05/10/2018

869  The Fourth Council of Constantinople was convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople.

1143  King Alfonso VII of Leon recognised Portugal as a Kingdom.

1665 The University of Kiel was founded.

1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.

1793 French Revolution: Christianity was disestablished in France.

1816 – Ursula Frayne, Irish-Australian nun and missionary, was born (d. 1885).

1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States, was born (d. 1886).

1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author, was born (d. 1949).

1864 Louis Lumière, French film pioneer, was born (d. 1948).

1864 Calcutta was almost totally destroyed by a cyclone which killed  60,000 people.

1866 The Maungatapu murderers were hanged in Nelson.

Maungatapu murderers hanged in Nelson

1869  The Saxby Gale devastated the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada.

1877 Chief Joseph surrendered his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles.

1885  – Ida Rubinstein, Russian ballerina and actress, was born (d. 1960).

1895 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists was held on a 50-mile course north of London.

1903  Sir Samuel Griffith was appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O’Connor were appointed foundation justices.

1905 Wilbur Wright piloted Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.

1910  Revolution in Portugal, monarchy overthrown, a republic declared .

1914   World War I’s first aerial combat resulting in a kill.

1919 – Donald Pleasence, English actor, was born (d. 1995).

1930  British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.

1932 – Neal Ascherson, Scottish journalist and author, was born.

1936  The Jarrow March set off for London.

1941 – Eduardo Duhalde, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 50th President of Argentina, was born.

1942 Richard Street, American singer (The Temptations), was born.

1943 – Michael Morpurgo, English author, poet, and playwright, was born.

1943  Steve Miller, American musician (Steve Miller Band), was born.

1944 – Suffrage  was extended to women in France.

1945  Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turned into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers’ studios.

1947  The first televised White House address was given by President Harry S. Truman.

1948  The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake killed 110,000.

1951 Irish singer Bob Geldof was born.

1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous was held.

1960 – David Kirk, All Black and businessman was born.

1962 – Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, was released.

1966  A partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.

1968  Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry – considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.

1969 The first episode of  Monty Python’s Flying Circus aired on BBC.

1970  The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) was founded.

1970 British Trade Commissioner James Cross was kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.

1973  Signature of the European Patent Convention.

1974  Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) killed four British soldiers and one civilian.

1975  – Kate Winslet, English actress was born.

1984  Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space, aboard theSpace Shuttle Challenger.

1986  Israeli secret nuclear weapons were revealed. The British newspaperThe Sunday Times ran Mordechai Vanunu’s story on its front page under the headline: “Revealed — the secrets of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.”

1988  The Chilean opposition coalition Concertación (center-left) defeatedAugusto Pinochet in his re-election intentions.

1990 After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, was published for the last time as a separate newspaper.

1991 An Indonesian military transport crashed after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.

1991 – The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, was released.

1999  The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London killed 31 people.

2000  Mass demonstrations in Belgrade led to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević.

2001  Robert Stevens became the first victim in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

2011 – The MV Rena  ran aground on the Astrolabe reef near Tauranga,  resulting in an oil spill.

NZ Defence Force assistance to OP Rena.jpg

2011 – In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats were hijacked and 13 crew members murdered in the lawless Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia.

2014 – Jules Bianchi crashed into a crane at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix, leading to his subsequent death on 17 July 2015.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


January 2 in history

02/01/2010

On January 2:

1492  Reconquista: the emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrendered.

La rendición de Granada (1882) by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz.
 
1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers was founded.
IceLogo.jpg
 
 
1860  The discovery of the planet Vulcan was announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris. 

1871 Amadeus I became King of Spain.

1873 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun, was born.

 1938 The first official New Zealand airmail to the United States departed Auckland for San Francisco aboard Pan American Airline’s Samoan Clipper, a Sikorsky S-42B flying boat was piloted by Captain Ed Musick.

First official airmail flight to San Francisco
1947 David Shapiro, American poet, literary critic, and art historian, was born.
1949 Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico

1955  Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon was assassinated.

1959  Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, was launched by the U.S.S.R.

Luna 1

1967 Francois Pienaar, South African rugby player, Sprinbok, was born.

P1010921 FP.jpg

  • 1971 – The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a RangersCeltic football match.
  •  Memorial at Ibrox

    1974  President Richard Nixon signed a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.

    1975  Reuben Thorne, New Zealand All Black, was born.

    1999  A brutal snowstorm hit the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunged to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths were reported

    2001 Sila Calderón became the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.

  • 2002Eduardo Duhalde was appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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