December 7 in history

December 7, 2009

On December 7:

521 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, was born.

1732  The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.

1863 Richard Sears, American department store founder, was born.

1888 Joyce Cary, Irish author, was born.

1900 Max Planck discovered the law of black body emission.

1921 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader, was born.

1923  Ted Knight, American actor, was born.

1928 Noam Chomsky, American linguist and political writer was born.

 

1930 W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts broadcast video from the CBS radio orchestra program, The Fox Trappers. The broadcast included the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.

1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor – The Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the US Pacific Fleet and its defending Army Air Forces and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Because of the time difference due to the International Date Line, the events of December 8 occurred while the date was still December 7 to the east of this line.

Attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese planes view.jpg

1962 Prince Rainier III of Monaco revised the principality’s constitution, devolving some of his power to advisory and legislative councils.

1963 The Bassett Road machine gun murders  took place.

1970 The first ever general election on the basis of direct adult franchise was held in Pakistan for 313 National Assembly seats.

1972  Apollo 17, the last Apollo moon mission, was launched. The crew took the photograph known as “The Blue Marble” as they leave the Earth.

1975 Indonesia invaded East Timor.

1988 Yasser Arafat recognised the right of Israel to exist.

1995 The Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter, a little more than six years after it was launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis during Mission STS-34.

Galileo Preparations - GPN-2000-000672.jpg

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


November 28 in history

November 28, 2009

On November 28:

1520 Three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.

1582 William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway paid a £40 bond for their marriage licence.

1628  John Bunyan, English cleric and author. was born.

1632 Jean-Baptiste Lully, French composer, was born.

1660 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray at Gresham College decided to found what became the Royal Society.

 Mace of the Royal Society, granted by King Charles II.

1757 – William Blake, British poet, was born.

1814  The Times in London was for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered   presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

1820 Friedrich Engels, German philosopher, was born.

1821 Panama separated from Spain and joined Gran Colombia.

Flag Coat of arms

 

1829  Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer, was born.

1843 The Kingdom of Hawaii was officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

Flag Coat of arms

1893 Women voted in a general election New Zealand for the first time.

1904  Nancy Mitford, British essayist, was born.

1905  Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founded Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.

1912  Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire.

1919  Lady Astor was elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She was the first woman to sit in the House of Commons.  (Countess Markiewicz, the first to be elected, refused to sit).

1933  Hope Lange, American actress, was born.

1948  Beeb Birtles, Dutch-Australian musician/singer-songwriter; co-founding member of Little River Band, was born.

1960  Mauritania became independent of France.

1961 Martin Clunes, British actor, was born.

1962  Matt Cameron, American drummer (Soundgarden, Pearl Jam, was born.

1964 NASA launched the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.

Mariner 3 and 4.jpg

1975 East Timor declared its independence from Portugal.

1977 Greg Somerville, New Zealand rugby union footballer, was born.

1979  Air New Zealand Flight TE901, a DC-10 operated sightseeing flight over Antarctica, crashed into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 people on board.

1987 South African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on-board.

1991  South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia.

2008 An Air NZ Airbus A320 crashed off the coast of France.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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