1387 Battle of Castagnaro: English condottiero Sir John Hawkwood led Padova to victory in a factional clash with Verona.
1649 The Frondeurs and the French government signed the Peace of Rueil.
1702 The Daily Courant, the UK’s first national daily newspaper was published for the first time.
1708 Queen Anne withheld Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoed legislation.
1824 The United States War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
1845 Hone Heke cut down the British flag pole for the fourth time. He and Kawiti were leading figures in the attack which resulted in the fall of Kororareka.
1848 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin became the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
1851 The first performance of Rigoletto, written by Verdi.
1864 The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England killed more than 250 people.
1867 The first performance of Don Carlo written by Verdi.
1872 – Kathleen Clarice Groom, Australian-English author and screenwriter, was born (d. 1954).
1872 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, started; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
1884 – The New Zealand Freethought Association was founded.
1888 The Great Blizzard of 1888 began along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
1903 Ronald Syme, New Zealand classicist and historian, was born (d. 1989).
1915 J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer, was born (d. 1990).
1916 Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born. (d. 1995)
1916 Ezra Jack Keats, children’s author, was born (d. 1983).
1917 Baghdad fell to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by GeneralStanley Maude.
1927 Samuel Roxy Rothafel opened the Roxy Theatre in New York.
1931 Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born entrepreneur, was born.
1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
1945 The Imperial Japanese Navy attempted a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.
1952 Douglas Adams, English writer, was born (d. 2001).
1958 Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq, was born.
1977 The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
1978 Coastal Road massacre: At least 37 were killed and more than 70 are wounded when Al Fatah hijack an Israeli bus, prompting Israel’s Operation Litani.
1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became the Soviet Union’s leader.
1990 Lithuania declared itself independent from the Soviet Union.
1990 Patricio Aylwin was sworn-in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.
1993 Janet Reno was confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn-in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States.
1999 – Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
2004 Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid killed 191 people.
2006 Michelle Bachelet was inaugurated as first female president of Chile.
2009 Winnenden school shooting – 17 people were killed at a school in Germany.
2011 – An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km (81 mi) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.
2012 – A US soldier killed 16 civilians in the Panjwayi District of Afghanistan near Kandahar.
2014 – Russia annexed Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Leading to the 2014 Crimean crisis and 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine.
2016 – At least 21 people were killed by flooding and mudslides in and around São Paulo, Brazil, following heavy rain.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia