December 25 in history

25/12/2018

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

2016 – A Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 carrying members of the Alexandrov Ensemble crashed into the Black Sea shortly after takeoff, killing all 92 people on board.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

25/12/2017

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

25/12/2016

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

25/12/2015

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

25/12/2014

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

25/12/2013

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptises more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


April 15 in history

15/04/2010

On April 15:

1452 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath, was born.

1469 Guru Nanak Dev, the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, was born.

 

1632 Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeated the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.

Schlacht bei Rain am Lech 1632.jpg
 

1641 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician, was born.

1642 Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan, was born.

1684 Catherine I of Russia, was born.

1710 William Cullen, Scottish physician, was born.

 

1715 Pocotaligo Massacre triggered the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

1738 Premiere in London of Serse (Xerxes) an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.

1755 Samuel Johnson‘s A Dictionary of the English Language published in London.

 
JohnsonDictionary.png

1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending Revolutionary War ratified.

Rev collage.png

1802 William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy saw a “long belt” of daffodils, inspiring him to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.

 

1841 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder, was born.

1843 Henry James, American author (, was born.

1865 Abraham Lincoln died after being shot the previous day by actor John Wilkes Booth.

1868 The first two Maori MPs ,  Frederick Nene Russell (Northern Maori) and Tareha Te Moananui (Eastern Maori), were elected to parliament.

First two Maori MPs elected to Parliament

1885 The first sod was turned on the North Island main trunk line.

First sod dug for North Island main trunk

1883 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia, was born.

 

1892 The General Electric Company was formed.

General Electric logo.svg

1894 Nikita Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet Union, was born.

A portrait shot of an older, bald man with bifocal glasses. He is wearing a blazer over a collared shirt and tie. In his hands, he is holding a set of papers.

1894 Bessie Smith, American blues singer, was born.

1895 Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player, was born.

1906 The Armenian organization AGBU was established.

1912 Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea, was born.

1912 RMS Titanic, sinks in the North Atlantic, after hitting an iceberg two and a half hours earlier, the previous day, killing more than 1,500 people.

1916 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman, was born.

1921 Black Friday, mine owners announced a decrease in wages leading to the threat of a strike all across England

1923 Insulin became generally available for use by people with diabetes.

1924 Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor, was born.

1924 Rand McNally published its first road atlas.

Rand McNally logo.png

1930 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland, was born.

1933 Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress, was born.

1940 The Allies begin their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which was occupied by Nazi Germany.

 

1940 Jeffrey Archer, British author, was born.

1940 Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics, was born.

1941 In the Belfast Blitz, two-hundred bombers of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) attacked Belfast, killing 1,000 people.

 

1942 George Cross was awarded to “to the island fortress of Malta – its people and defenders” by King George VI.

 

1943 An Allied bomber attack missed the Minerva automobile factory and hits the Belgian town of Mortsel instead, killing 936 civilians.

1945 The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated.

1947 Jackie Robinson debuted for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking baseball’s color line.

Waist-up portrait of black batter in his mid-thirties, in Brooklyn Dodgers uniform number 42, at end of swing with bat over left shoulder, looking at where a hit ball would be

1952  The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress

1955 Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman, was born.

 

1957 White Rock, British Columbia officially separated from Surrey,  and was incorporated as a new city.

1959 Emma Thompson, English actress, was born.

1960 Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, heir to the Belgian throne, was born.

1979 An earthquake (of M 7.1) on Montenegro coast.

1989 A human crush occured at Hillsborough Stadium,  in the FA Cup Semi Final, resulting in the deaths of 96 Liverpool F.C. fans.

 

1989 Upon Hu Yaobang‘s death, the Tiananmen Square protests began.

1992 The National Assembly of Vietnam adopted the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

1994 Representatives of 124 countries and the European Communities signed the Marrakesh Agreements revising the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and initiating the World Trade Organization (effective January 1, 1995).

2002 – An Air China Boeing 767 200, flight CA129 crashed into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.

Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia


%d bloggers like this: