1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily and the sultan of Tunis.
1340 Battle of Rio Salado.
1470 Henry VI returned to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeated the Yorkists in battle.
1485 King Henry VII was crowned.
1501 Ballet of Chestnuts – a banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace with fifty prostitutes or courtesans in attendance for the entertainment of the guests.
1735 John Adams, second President of the United States, was born (d. 1826).
1751 Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright, was born(d. 1816).
1831 Escaped slave Nat Turner was captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history.
1863 Danish Prince Wilhelm arrived in Athens to assume his throne asGeorge I, King of the Hellenes.
1864 Second war of Schleswig ended. Denmark renounced all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
1865 The Native Land Court was created.
1885 Ezra Pound, American poet, was born (d. 1972).
1894 Domenico Melegatti obtained a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
1896 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, was born (d. 1928).
1905 Czar Nicholas II of Russia granted Russia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
1918 A petition with more than 240,000 signatures was presented to Parliament, demanding an end to the manufacture and sale of alcohol in New Zealand.
1918 The Ottoman Empire signed an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
1920 The Communist Party of Australia was founded in Sydney.
1922 Benito Mussolini was made Prime Minister of Italy.
1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car was constructed.
1941 World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approved U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
1941 – 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) were sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
1945 Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signed a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball colour barrier.
1945 Henry Winkler, American actor, was born.
1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
1950 Pope Pius XII witnessed “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
1953 Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approved the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which stated that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
1960 Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer, was born.
1960 Michael Woodruff performed the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
1961 The Soviet Union detonated the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.
1961 – Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it was decreed that Joseph Stalin‘s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead.
1970 In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large flooded, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
1973 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey was completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
1974 The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman took place in Kinshasa, Zaire.
1975 Prince Juan Carlos became Spain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
1980 El Salvador and Honduras signed a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969′s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
1983 The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule.
1985 Space Shuttle Challenger lifted off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
1987 In Japan, NEC released the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
1991 The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opened.
1993 Greysteel massacre: The Ulster Freedom Fighters, a loyalist terrorist group, open fire on a crowded bar in Greysteel. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.
1995 Quebec sovereignists narrowly lost a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence from Canada (vote is 50.6% to 49.4%).
2000 The last Multics machine was shut down.
2002 British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.
2005 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) was reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
2013 – 45 people died after a bus fuel tank caught fire in the Indian city of Mahbubnagar.
2014 – Sweden became the first European Union member state to officially recognise the State of Palestine.
2015 – At least 56 people were killed and more than 155 injuries after a fire in a nightclub in the Romanian capital Bucharest..
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia