558 – In Constantinopl, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapsed, Justinian I immediately ordered that it be rebuilt.
1272 The Second Council of Lyons opened to regulate the election of the Pope.
1348 Charles University in Prague (Universitas Carolina/Univerzita Karlova) was established as the first university in Central Europe.
1429 Joan of Arc ended the Siege of Orléans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning, wounded, to lead the final charge.
1664 Louis XIV inaugurated the Palace of Versailles.
1697 Stockholm’s royal castle was destroyed by fire.
1711 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian, was born (d. 1776).
1718 The city of New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.
1748 Olympe de Gouges, playwright and feminist revolutionary, was born (d. 1793).
1763 Indian Wars: Pontiac’s Rebellion began – Chief Pontiac began the “Conspiracy of Pontiac” by attacking British forces at Fort Detroit.
1812 Robert Browning, English poet, was born (d. 1889).
1824 World premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in Vienna, conducted by Michael Umlauf under the deaf composer’s supervision.
1832 The independence of Greece was recognized by the Treaty of London.Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria was chosen King.
1836 The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico was elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
1840 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer, was born (d. 1893).
1840 The Great Natchez Tornado struck Natchez, Mississippi killing 317 people.
1846 The Ngati Tuwharetoa village of Te Rapa on the south-western shore of Lake Taupo was obliterated in a landslide.
1847 The American Medical Association was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1847 Archibald Primrose, United Kingdom Prime Minister, was born (d. 1929).
1856 – Henry Sewell took office as colonial secretary – as early premiers were called, the first to hold this position in New Zealand.
1864 American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant, broke off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moved southwards.
1888 – A meeting in Dunedin presided over by the mayor unanimously called for a ban on further Chinese migrants.
1892 Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia, was born (d. 1980).
1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrated to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver.
1901 – Gary Cooper, American actor, was born (d. 1961).
1909 Edwin H. Land, American inventor ,was born (d. 1991).
1915 World War I: German submarine SM U-20 sank RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people.
1919 Eva Peron, Argentine first lady, was born (d. 1952).
1920 Kiev Offensive (1920): Polish troops led by Józef Piłsudski and Edward Rydz-Śmigły and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force captured Kiev.
1920 Treaty of Moscow: Soviet Russia recognsed the independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
1927 Angelos Sikelianos organised the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
1928 Dixie Dean scored a hat trick for Everton F.C. against Arsenal F.C. to set a new goal scoring record of 60 goals in a season.
1937 Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrived in Spain to assist Francisco Franco’s forces.
1940 Angela Carter, English novelist and journalist, was born (d. 1992).
1942 During the Battle of the Coral Sea, United States Navy aircraft sank the Japanese Imperial Navy light aircraft carrier Shōhō. The battle marked the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
1943 Peter Carey, Australian author, was born.
1944 Richard O’Sullivan, British actor, was born.
1945 World War II: General Alfred Jodl signed unconditional surrender terms at Reims ending Germany’s participation in the war.
1945 Christy Moore, Irish folk artist, was born.
1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) was founded with around 20 employees.
1946 Thelma Houston, American singer, was born.
1948 The Council of Europe was founded during the Hague Congress.
1952 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, was first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer.
1953 Ian McKay, British soldier (VC recipient) was born (d. 1982), .
1954 Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
1956 Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, was born.
1960 Cold War: U-2 Crisis of 1960 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announced that his nation was holding American U-2 pilot Gary Powers.
1964 Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F-27 airliner, crashed near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reported that a cockpit recorder tape indicated that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger.
1974 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigned.
1986 Canadian Patrick Morrow became the first person to climb each of the Seven Summits.
1992 Michigan ratified a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment, which bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise, law.
1992 Three employees at a McDonald’s Restaurant in Sydney, Nova Scotia, were murdered and a fourth permanently disabled after a botched robbery.
1992 – Latvia conducted its first post-Soviet monetary reform and began issuing Latvian rublis, a temporary currency in use until the introduction of Latvian lats. The move reduced the pressure on Latvian economy caused by shortage of cash and hyperinflation of rouble, and led way to ultimately successful economic reforms.
1995 Finland won the World Championship in men’s ice hockey after beating Sweden in the final
1998 Mercedes-Benz bought Chrysler for $US40 billion and formed DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history.
1999 Pope John Paul II travelled to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.
1999 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens were killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
1999 Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira was ousted in a military coup.
2002 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunged into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
2007 The tomb of Herod the Great was discovered.
2009 – More than 100 police officers began a 40-hour siege of a lone gunman in Napier.
2013 – 27 people were killed and more than 30 injured, when a tanker truck crashed and exploded outside Mexico City.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia