On January 14:
83 BC Marcus Antonius, Roman politician, was born.
1129 Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
1301 Andrew III of Hungary died, ending the Arpad dynasty.
1514 Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery.
1539 Spain annexes Cuba.
1639 The “Fundamental Orders“, the first written constitution that created a government, was adopted in Connecticut.
1724 – King Philip V of Spain abdicated the throne.
1761 The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changes the course of Indian History.
1784 United States Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
1814 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
1875 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, Nobel laureate, was born.
1886 Hugh Lofting, English author, was born.
1891 Bob Fitzsimmons won the world middleweight boxing title.
1938Norway claimed Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
Territorial extent of Queen Maud Land
1940 Sir Trevor Nunn, English theatre director and film director, was born.
1941 Faye Dunaway, American actress, was born
1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill began the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
Free French leaders Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle in front of Roosevelt and Churchill at the Casablanca Conference, January 14, 1943
1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to travel via aeroplane while in office when he travelled from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1950The first prototype of the MiG-17 made its maiden flight.
1952 NBC’s long-running morning news program Today debuted, with host Dave Garroway.
1967 The Human Be-In, takes place in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love. Between 20,000 to 30,000 people attended.
1970 Diana Ross & The Supremes final concert appearance at The Frontier Hotel- Las Vegas
1972 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1994 Samir Patel, American spelling bee winner, was born.
1998 Researchers in Dallas, Texas presened findings about an enzye that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).
1999 Toronto, Mayor Mel Lastman was the first mayor in Canada to call in the Army to help with emergency medical evacuations and snow removal after more than one meter of snow paralysed the city.
2004 – The national flag of Georgia, the so-called “five cross flag“, was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.