489 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
1189 Third Crusade: the Crusaders began the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1349 6,000 Jews were killed in Mainz, accused of being the cause of the plague.
1511 The Portuguese conquered Malacca.
1542 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) – Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese were scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama captured and later executed.
1619 Ferdinand II was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1640 Second Bishop’s War: King Charles I’s English army lost to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and scientist (d. 1832).
1774 Elizabeth Ann Seton, American-born Catholic saint, was born (d. 1821).
1789 William Herschel discovered a new moon of Saturn.
1810 Battle of Grand Port – the French accepted the surrender of a British Navy fleet.
1828 Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, was born (d. 1910).
1830 The Tom Thumb presaged the first railway service in the United States.
1845 The first issue of Scientific American magazine was published.
1859 A geomagnetic storm caused the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly it was seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and as far away as Japan.
1862 American Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run.
1879 Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, was captured by the British.
1884 Peter Fraser, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born (d. 1950).
1898 Caleb Bradham renamed his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
1901 Silliman University was founded in the Philippines, the first American private school in the country.
1906 John Betjeman, English poet, was born (d. 1984).
1913 Queen Wilhelmina opened the Peace Palace in The Hague.
1914 World War I: the Royal Navy defeated the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
1916 World War I: Germany declared war on Romania.
1916 – World War I: Italy declared war on Germany.
1917 Ten Suffragettes wre arrested while picketing the White House.
1924 Janet Frame, New Zealand author, was born (d. 2004).
1924 The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1930 Windsor Davies, British actor, was born.
1937 Toyota Motors became an independent company.
1943 World War II: in Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation started.
1948 Danny Seraphine, American musician (Chicago), was born.
1951 Wayne Osmond, American singer (The Osmonds), was born.
1953 Nippon Television broadcast Japan’s first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
1954 Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme were convicted of murdering Parker’s mother Honora.
1955 Black teenager Emmett Till was murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
1964 The Philadelphia race riot began.
1965 Shania Twain, Canadian singer, was born.
1979 An IRA bomb exploded on the Grand Place in Brussels.
1986 United States Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth was sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
1990 Iraq declared Kuwait to be its newest province.
1990 The Plainfield Tornado: an F5 tornado hit Plainfield and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.
1991 Ukraine declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1992 Canterbury’s “Big Snow“.
2003 An electricity blackout cut off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brought 60% of London’s underground rail network to a halt.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia