On January 5:
1759 George Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis.
“Washington’s Family” by Edward Savage, painted between 1789 and 1796, shows (from left to right): George Washington Parke Custis, George Washington, Eleanor Parke Custis, Martha, and an enslaved servant: probably William Lee or Christopher Sheels.
1767 Jean-Baptiste Say, French economist, originator of Say’s Law, was born.
1834 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition, was born.
1889 – Preston North End was declared winner of the original football league.
1896 – An Austrian newspaper reported that Wilhelm Roentgen had discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
1903 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post, was born.
1910 Jack Lovelock, New Zealand athlete, was born.
1914 – The Ford Motor Company announced an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day’s labour.
1917 Jane Wyman, American actress, was born.
1918 – The Free Committee for a German Workers Peace, which would become the Nazi party, was founded.
1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming became the first female governor in the United States.
1932 Umberto Eco, Italian writer, was born.
1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge began in San Francisco Bay.
1938 King Juan Carlos I of Spain, was born.
1940 – FM radio was demonstrated to the FCC for the first time.
1940 Athol Guy, Australian singer, member of The Seekers, was born.
1943 Justice Mary Gaudron
, first female judge of the High Court of Australia, was born.
1968 – Alexander Dubček came to power: “Prague Spring” began in Czechoslovakia.
1969 Marilyn Manson, American singer, was born.
1973 Phil Joel, New Zealand bassist (Newsboys), was born.
1974 – Warmest reliably measured temperature in Antarctica of +59°F (+15°C) recorded at Vanda Station
1976 – Cambodia was renamed Democratic Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge.
1977 The occupation of Bastion Point started.
1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer ran aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.
1993 – Washington state executed Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (the last legal hanging in America).
2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, was discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
Eris (centre) and Dysnomia (left of centre).
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.