October 21 in history

21/10/2009

On October 21:

1520 Ferdinand Magellan discoversed what is now known as the Strait of Magellan.

1772 English poet  Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born.

1805  The Battle of Trafalgar took place.A British fleet led by Admiral Lord Nelson defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve.

Turner, The Battle of Trafalgar (1806).jpg
The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the mizzen
starboard shrouds of the Victory

by J. M. W. Turner (oil on canvas, 1806 to 1808)

1824 Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement.

1833 Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and founder of the Nobel Prize was born.

1854 Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War.

Florence Nightingale.png

1917 US musician Dizzy Gillespie was born.

1921 English composer Sir Malcolm Arnold was born.

MalcolmArnold.jpg

1929 US author  Ursula K. Le Guin was born.

1931 English actress Vivian Pickles was born.

1940 English cricketer Geoff Boycott was born.

Boycottportrait.jpg

1940 English musician Manfred Mann was born.

1942 Judy Sheindlin, American judge (“Judge Judy“) was born.

1945 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón married  actress Evita (María Eva Duarte de Perón).

 

 

1952 Trevor Chappell, Australian cricketer, was born.

1981Underarm.jpg

1953 British politician Peter Mandelson was born.

1956 US author and actress Carrie Fisher was born.

1959 The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York opened to the public.

1964 Peter Snell won his second gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics.

1966 A coal tip fellon the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.

 1983 The metre was defined at the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures in terms of the speed of light as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


October 4 in history

04/10/2009

On October 4:

1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) was printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.

1824 Mexico adopted a new constitution and became a federal republic.

 

1830 The state of Belgium  was created after separation from The Netherlands.

 

1853 The  Crimean War began when the Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia.

Malakhov1.jpg
Detail of Franz Roubaud‘s panoramic painting The Siege of Sevastopol (1904).

1876  Texas A&M University opened as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas becoming Texas‘s first public institution of higher education.

1883 The Orient Express began its first run.

1883 – The first meeting of the Boys’ Brigade took place in Glasgow.

1895 The first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association was played at the Newport Country Club on Rhode Island.

1910 Declaration of the Portuguese Republic

1923 US actor Charlton Heston was born.

1927 Gutzon Borglum began sculpting Mount Rushmore.

1937 English writer Jackie Collins was born.

1957 Morris Yock trademarked the jandal.

1957 Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, was launched.

1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty  was opened for signature.

 Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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