December 5 in history

December 5, 2009

On December 5:

63 BC Cicero read the last of his Catiline Orations.

1360 The French Franc was created.

20 franc coin

1484  Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that deputised Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and led to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history.

1492  Christopher Columbus became the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti.
Hispaniola lrg.jpg
1766 In London, James Christie held his first sale.
1830 Christina Rossetti, English poet, was born.
1839 George Armstrong Custer, American general, was born.
G a custer.jpg
1848 California Gold Rush: US President James K. Polk confirmed that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California.
Panning for gold on the Mokelumne River

1859 John Jellicoe, British admiral, was born.

John Jellicoe Admiral of the fleet.jpg

1872  Harry Nelson Pillsbury, American chess player, was born.

Harrynelsonpillsbury.jpg

1979  Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer, was born.

 

Clyde Cessna posing beside the silverwing

1890 New Zealand’s first one-man-one-vote election took place.

1901 Walt Disney, American animated film producer, was born.

1932  German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein was granted an American visa.

1932  Little Richard, American singer and pianist, was born.

1933 Prohibition in the United States ended when : Utah ratified the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus establishing the required 75% of states needed to enact the amendment (this overturned the 18th Amendment which had made the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States).

 

Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the Prohibition era

1938  J. J. Cale, American songwriter, was born.

1943  Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attacked Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.

1936 The Soviet Union adopted a new constitution and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established as a full Union Republic of the USSR.

1945 Flight 19 was lost in the Bermuda Triangle.

Map of Flight 19’s flight plan and final position on December 5.
1955 E.D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1957 Sukarno expelled all Dutch people from Indonesia.

1958  Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) was inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.

1958 The Preston bypass, the UK‘s first stretch of motorway, opened to traffic for the first time.

1963 Eddie “the Eagle” Edwards, English ski jumper, was born.

1964 Captain Roger Donlon was awarded the first Medal of Honor of the Vietnam War.

DonlonMOHSF.jpg

1983  Dissolution of the Military Junta in Argentina.

2005 The Civil Partnership Act came into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership was registered there.

2006 Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrew the government in Fiji.

Sourced from NZ History Online & wikipedia.


November 17 in history

November 17, 2009

On November 17:

1493  Christopher Columbus landed on Puerto Rico

1558 Elizabethan era began when Queen Mary I of England died and was succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.

1603  English explorer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial for treason.

1800 The United States Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C.

US Congressional Seal.svg

1811 José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, was sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.

1831  Ecuador and Venezuela were separated from Greater Colombia.

1855 David Livingstone became the first European to see the Victoria Falls.

Victoriafälle.jpg

1903  The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party split into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for “majority”) and Mensheviks (Russian for “minority”).

1919 King George V of the United Kingdom proclaimed Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day). The idea was first suggested by Edward George Honey.

1923  Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand cricketer, was born.

1925  Rock Hudson, American actor, was born.

1925 The New Zealand and South Seas International Exhibition opened in Dunedin.

1937 Peter Cook, British comedian, was born.

1938  Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian singer, was born.

1939  Auberon Waugh, British author, was born.

1950  Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was enthroned as the leader of Tibet at the age of fifteen.

Characteristic hands-raised anjali greeting

1953 The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland were evacuated to the mainland.

1970 Douglas Engelbart received the patent for the first computer mouse.

1978  Zoë Bell, New Zealand actress-stuntwoman, was born.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

 


November 3 in history

November 3, 2009

1493 Christopher Columbus first sighted the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.

1783 John Austin, a highwayman, was the last person to be publicly hanged at London’s Tyburn gallows.

1801  Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher, was born.

1817 The Bank of Montreal, Canada’s oldest chartered bank, opened.

File:Bank of Montreal Logo.svg

1838  The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language  daily broadsheetnewspaper was founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.

1886 Anchor butter was launched from a dairy factory at Pukekura, Waikato,  by Henry Reynolds.

1887 Coimbra Academic Association, the oldest students’ union in Portugal, was founded.

 

1903 Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia.

1911 Chevrolet officially entered the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.

Chevrolet Logo

1918  Poland declared its independence from Russia.

1941  Brian Poole, English musician of The Tremeloes, was born.

1942 Second Battle of El Alamein ended– German forces under Erwin Rommel were forced to retreat during the night.

1948 – Lulu, Scottish actress and singer, was born.

1952 Roseanne Barr, American actress and comedian, was born.

1954 Adam Ant, English singer, was born.

1957 The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2. On board is the first animal to enter orbit a dog named Laika.

1973 NASA launched the Mariner 10 toward Mercury.

The Mariner 10 probe

1974 Daylight saving was reintroduced to New Zealand on a trial basis.

1978  Dominica gained its independence from the United Kingdom.

1986 The Federated States of Micronesia gain independence from the United States of America.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


October 12 in history

October 12, 2009

On October 12:

1492 Christopher Columbus‘s expedition made landfall in The Bahamas.


Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus by Ridolfo Ghirlandaio.

1872 Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer, was born.

1915 British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium.

Edith Cavell.jpg

1917 More than 2700 New Zealanders were left  dead, wounded or missing at Passchendaele, the greatest disaster in terms of lives lost in New Zealand history.

1918 The Niagra arrived in New Zealand. When 29 crew and some passengers were hospitalised with flu the ship was blamed for bringing the deadlys train of flu to the country, but six people in Auckland had died of the flu before the ship docked.

1968 Equatorial Guinea gained its independence from Spain.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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