869 The Fourth Council of Constantinople was convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople.
1143 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognised Portugal as a Kingdom.
1665 The University of Kiel was founded.
1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
1793 French Revolution: Christianity was disestablished in France.
1816 – Ursula Frayne, Irish-Australian nun and missionary, was born (d. 1885).
1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States, was born (d. 1886).
1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author, was born (d. 1949).
1864 Louis Lumière, French film pioneer, was born (d. 1948).
1864 Calcutta was almost totally destroyed by a cyclone which killed 60,000 people.
1866 The Maungatapu murderers were hanged in Nelson.
1885 – Ida Rubinstein, Russian ballerina and actress, was born (d. 1960).
1895 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists was held on a 50-mile course north of London.
1905 Wilbur Wright piloted Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1910 Revolution in Portugal, monarchy overthrown, a republic declared .
1914 World War I’s first aerial combat resulting in a kill.
1919 – Donald Pleasence, English actor, was born (d. 1995).
1930 British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
1932 – Neal Ascherson, Scottish journalist and author, was born.
1936 The Jarrow March set off for London.
1941 – Eduardo Duhalde, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 50th President of Argentina, was born.
1942 Richard Street, American singer (The Temptations), was born.
1943 – Michael Morpurgo, English author, poet, and playwright, was born.
1943 Steve Miller, American musician (Steve Miller Band), was born.
1944 – Suffrage was extended to women in France.
1945 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turned into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers’ studios.
1947 The first televised White House address was given by President Harry S. Truman.
1948 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake killed 110,000.
1951 Irish singer Bob Geldof was born.
1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous was held.
1960 – David Kirk, All Black and businessman was born.
1962 – Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, was released.
1966 A partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1969 The first episode of Monty Python’s Flying Circus aired on BBC.
1970 The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) was founded.
1970 British Trade Commissioner James Cross was kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
1973 Signature of the European Patent Convention.
1975 – Kate Winslet, English actress was born.
1986 Israeli secret nuclear weapons were revealed. The British newspaperThe Sunday Times ran Mordechai Vanunu’s story on its front page under the headline: “Revealed — the secrets of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.”
1990 After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, was published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
1991 An Indonesian military transport crashed after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.
1991 – The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, was released.
1999 The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London killed 31 people.
2000 Mass demonstrations in Belgrade led to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević.
2011 – The MV Rena ran aground on the Astrolabe reef near Tauranga, resulting in an oil spill.
2011 – In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats were hijacked and 13 crew members murdered in the lawless Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia.
2014 – Jules Bianchi crashed into a crane at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix, leading to his subsequent death on 17 July 2015.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia