On November 18:
326 The old St. Peter’s Basilica was consecrated
1477 William Caxton produced Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed on a printing press in England.
1836 Cesare Lombroso
, Italian psychiatrist and founder of criminology, was born.
1861 Dorothy Dix
, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer, was born.
1903 The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
1916 : First Battle of the Somme ended when British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig called off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
1918 Latvia declared its independence from Russia
1926 George Bernard Shaw refused to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, “I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize.”
1928 The release of the animated short Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the third appearances of cartoon stars Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is also considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey’s birthday.
1939 Margaret Atwood, Canadian writer, was born.
1942 Susan Sullivan, American actress, was born.
1947 The Ballantyne’s Department Store fire, Christchurch, New Zealand, killed 41 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.