1522 The Victoria, the only surviving ship of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, returned to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
1620 The Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth on the Mayflower to settle in North America.
1634 Thirty Years’ War: In the Battle of Nördlingen the Catholic Imperial army defeated Protestant armies of Sweden and Germany.
1669 The siege of Candia ended with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans.
1729 Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher, was born (d. 1786).
1757 Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman, was born (d. 1834).
1781 The Battle of Groton Heights resulted a British victory.
1800 Catharine Beecher, American educator, was born (d. 1878).
1860 Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 1935).
1870 Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming became the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally.
1888 Charles Turner became the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season.
1919 Wilson Greatbatch, American inventor (cardiac pacemaker), was born (d. 2011).
1930 Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen was deposed in a military coup.
1937 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
1939 World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.
1939 – Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese biologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate, was born.
1940 – Jackie Trent, English-Spanish singer-songwriter and actress, was born (d. 2015).
1943 Roger Waters, British musician (Pink Floyd), was born.
1943 The Monterrey Institute of Technology, was founded in Monterrey, Mexico.
1948 New Zealand citizenship was established.
1948 Juliana became Queen of the Netherlands.
1955 Istanbul Pogrom: Istanbul’s Greek and Armenian minority were the target of a government-sponsored pogrom.
1957 José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal, was born.
1963 Alice Sebold, American novelist, was born.
1965 India retaliated following Pakistan’s failed Operation Grand Slam which resulted in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
1966 The architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, was stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.
1968 Swaziland became independent.
1970 Two passenger jets bound from Europe to New York were simultaneously hijacked by Palestinian terrorist members of PFLP and taken to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
1972 Munich Massacre: 9 Israeli athletes and a German policeman taken hostage at the Munich Olympic Games by the Palestinian “Black September” terrorist group died at the hands of the kidnappers during a failed rescue attempt.
1976 Soviet air force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko landed a MiG-25 jet fighter on the island of Hokkaidō and requests political asylum in the United States.
1985 Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashed just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
1986 In Istanbul, two terrorists from Abu Nidal’s organisation killed 22 and wounded six inside the Neve Shalom synagogue during Shabbat services.
1991 – The name Saint Petersburg was restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
1997 Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales which was watched by a television audience of more than 2.5 billion.
2008 – Turkish President Abdullah Gül attended an association football match in Armenia after an invitation by Armenian President Serzh Sarkisyan; he is the first Turkish head of state to visit the country.
2012 – 61 people died and 48 others were injured after a fishing boat capsized off the Izmir Province coast of Turkey, near the Greek Aegean islands.
Sourced from NZ History & Wikipedia