February 20 in history

February 20, 2010

On February 20:

1472 Orkney and Shetland were left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.

1547 Edward VI was crowned King of England.

Formal portrait in the Elizabethan style of Edward in his early teens. He has a long pointed face with fine features, dark eyes and a small full mouth. In this portrait he looks thin and ill.

1792 The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, was signed by President George Washington.

1810 Andreas Hofer, Tirolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, is executed.

 

1835 Concepción, Chile was destroyed by an earthquake.

1872 New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art opened.

Facade of imposing building with Greek columns. Large colored banners hang from the building's top. A crowd of people is in front.

1873 The University of California opened its first medical school.

UC seal.png

1887 Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada, was born.

1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.

1906 Gale Gordon, American television and radio actor, was born.

1909 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.

1913 King O’Malley drove in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.

1924 Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite and clothing designer, was born.

1925 Robert Altman, American film director, was born.

1927 Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2005)

1927 – Sidney Poitier, American actor, was born.

1935 Caroline Mikkelsen became the first woman to set foot in Antarctica.

1941  Buffy Sainte-Marie, Canadian singer, was born.

1942 Lieutenant Edward O’Hare becomes America’s first World War II flying ace.

Butch O'Hare.jpg

1943 – The Parícutin volcano erupted Parícutin, Mexico.

1950  Walter Becker, American guitarist (Steely Dan), was born.

1951 Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born.

Head and shoulders of a  smiling man in a suit with dark, greying hair and rounded face with  square jaw

1952 Emmett Ashford became the first African-American umpire in organised baseball.

1954 Yvette Williams won a gold meadl for the long jump at the Olympics.

Yvette Williams sets world long jump record

1962 Mercury programme:  John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth, making three orbits in 4 hours, 55 minutes.

 

1965  Ranger 8 crashed into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo programme astronauts.

 

1976 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation disbanded.

1989 An IRA bomb destroeds a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England

1991  A gigantic statue of Albania’s long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, was brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.

 

1998 American figure skater Tara Lipinski became the youngest gold-medalist at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.

Tara lipinski.jpg

2002 In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injurds over 65 and killed at least 370.

2003 During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 200 others.

2005 Spain became the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.


February 2 in history

February 2, 2010

On February 2:

962 Pope John XII crowned Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.

 

1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor became King of Burgundy.

1536  Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1653  New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) was incorporated.

1709 Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.

Statue of Alexander Selkirk in Lower Largo

1790 The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time.

Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg

1812 Russia established a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California.

1929  William Stanley, inventor and engineer, was born.

1848 Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.

 

1848 California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants arrives in San Francisco, California.

1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball was formed.

1880 The first electric streetlight was installed in Wabash, Indiana.

1882 James Joyce, Irish author, was born.

Half-length portrait of man in his thirties. He looks to his right so that his face is in profile. He has a mustache, a thin beard, and medium-length hair slicked back, and wears a pince-nez and a plain dark greatcoat, looking vaguely like a Russian revolutionary. 

1882 The Knights of Columbus were formed in New Haven, Connecticut.

1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day was observed.

1899 The Australian Premiers’ Conference decided to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.

1901 Queen Victoria’s funeral took place.

1905 Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author and philosopher, was born.

Half-length monochrome portrait photo of Ayn Rand, seated, holding a cigarette

1913 Grand Central Station opened in New York City.

Grand Central test.jpg

1922 Ulysses by James Joyce was published.

UlyssesCover.jpg

1925 Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reached Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.

 Statue of Balto, the lead dog on the last relay team.

  • 1925 – The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.
  • 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian, was born.

    1933 Adolf Hitler dissolved the German Parliament.

    1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States was incorporated.

    1935 Leonarde Keeler tested the first polygraph machine.

     

    1940 David Jason, English actor, was born.

    1940  Frank Sinatra debuted with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.

    1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic was made.

     
       

    1947 Farrah Fawcett, American actress, was born.

    1948 Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.

    1957 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan laid the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage.

    1967 The American Basketball Association was formed.

    1971 Idi Amin replaced President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda.

    1972  The British embassy in Dublin was destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.

    1974 The men’s 1500-metre final at the 1974 Christchurch Commonwealth Games is called the greatest middle distance race of all time. Tanzanian Filbert Bayi won in a new world record time of 3 minutes 32.16 seconds. New Zealand’s emerging middle distance star John Walker came second, also breaking the existing world record. The remarkable feature of this race was the fact that the third, fourth (New Zealander Rod Dixon) and fifth place getters ran the fourth, fifth, and seventh fastest 1500m times to that date. The national records of five countries – Tanzania, Kenya, Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand – were all broken in this race.

    ‘The greatest middle distance race of all time’

    1974 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flew for the first time.

    1976 The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.

    Groundhog Day gale of 1976
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    1987 The Philippines made a new constitution.

    1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column left Kabul.

    1989 Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched.

    1990  F.W. de Klerk allowed the African National Congress to function legally and promised to release Nelson Mandela.

    ANC logo

    1998 A Cebu Pacific Flight 387 DC-9-32 crashed into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.

    2002 Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange married Máxima Zorreguieta.

     

    2007 Four tornadoes hit Central Florida, killing 21 people.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


    January 18 in history

    January 18, 2010

    On January 18:

    1535  Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded Lima, the capital of Peru.

    1591 King Naresuan of Siam killed Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat,  this date is now observed marked as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

    1670  Henry Morgan captured Panama.

    Morgan,Henry.jpg

    1778 James Cook was the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he named the “Sandwich Islands“.

    1779 Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer, was born.

    Roget P M.jpg

    1788 The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australa arrived at Botany Bay.

    The Charlotte at Portsmouth before departure in May 1787

    1813 Joseph Glidden, American farmer who patented barbed wire, was born.

    1849  Sir Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia, was born.

    1854 Thomas Watson, American telephone pioneer, was born.

    1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany was proclaimed the first German Emperor in the ‘Hall of Mirrors’ of the Palace of Versailles towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire was known as the Second Reich to Germans.

    1882 A. A. Milne, English author, was born.

    Monochrome head-and-shoulders portrait photo of A. A. Milne in coat and tie, with pipe dangling from lips

    1884 Dr. William Price attempted to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

    1886 Modern field hockey was born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

    1889 Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer, was born.
    1892  Oliver Hardy, American comedian and actor, was born.
    1896 The X-ray machine was exhibited for the first time.

    1903  President Theodore Roosevelt sent a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States.

    1904 Cary Grant, English actor, was born.

    1911 Eugene B. Ely landed on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco harbor, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.

    Eugeneely.jpg

    1913  Danny Kaye, American actor, was born.

    1916  A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite struck a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

    1919  The Paris Peace Conference opened in Versailles.

    “The Big Four” during the Paris Peace Conference (from left to right, David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson)

    1919  Ignacy Jan Paderewski became Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.

    1919 Bentley Motors Limited was founded.

    Bentley logo.svg

    1933 Ray Dolby, American inventor (Dolby noise reduction system), was born.

    Dolby (left)  inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

    1943  Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.

    A group of SS men on the street of Warsaw Ghetto during the uprising

    1944 Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia, was born.

    Paul Keating in 1979

    1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosted a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

    1944 – Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.

    Blokada Leningrad diorama.jpg
    Diorama of the Siege of Leningrad, in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, in Moscow

    1945 Liberation of the Budapest ghetto by the Red Army.

    1954  Tom Bailey, English musician (Thompson Twins), was born.

    1955  Battle of Yijiangshan.

    1958 – Willie O’Ree, the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, makes his NHL debut.

    1969  United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay resulting in the loss of all 32 passengers and six crew members.

    1974 A Disengagement of Forces agreement was signed between the Israei and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.

    1977  Scientists identified a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.

    1977 – Australia’s worst rail disaster at Granville, Sydney killed 83.

    1978  The European Court of Human Rights found the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.

    1980 Upper Hutt’s Jon Stevens made it back-to-back No.1 singles when ‘Montego Bay’ bumped ‘Jezebel’ from the top of the New Zealand charts.

    'Montego Bay' hits number one
    1994 The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claimed to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.
    1997  Boerge Ousland of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided.

    1998 Lewinsky scandal: Matt Drudge broke the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair story on his website The Drudge Report.

    2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite hit the Earth.

    Tagish Lake meteorite.jpg

    A 159 gram fragment of the Tagish Lake meteorite

    2002 Sierra Leone Civil War declared over.

    2003 A bushfire killed 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.

    2005 The Airbus A380,, the world’s largest commercial jet, was unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse.

    2007 The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years killed 14 people, Germany’s worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, caused at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. Other losses included the Container Ship MSC Napoli destroyed by the storm off the coast of Devon.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


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