1531 Henry VIII was recognised as supreme head of the Church of England.
1752 Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, opened.
1790 Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitioned U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery.
1794 First session of United States Senate open to the public.
1808 Anthracite coal was first burned as a fuel, experimentally.
1847 Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor, was born (d. 1931).
1861 United States House of Representatives unanimously passed a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
1864 Charles Heaphy was recommended for a VC for rescuing a soldier while under fire.
1873 King Amadeus I of Spain abdicated.
1904 Sir Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister and Governor General of New Zealand, was born (d. 1983).
1917 Sidney Sheldon, American author, was born (d. 2007).
1919 Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress, was born (d. 1995).
1920 King Farouk I of Egypt, was born (d. 1965).
1929 Italy and the Vatican signed the Lateran Treaty.
1934 Mary Quant, English fashion designer, was born.
1936 Burt Reynolds, American actor, was born.
1938 Bevan Congdon, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1939 – Bryan Gould, New Zealand-English politician
1939 A Lockheed XP-38 flew from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes.
1943 General Dwight Eisenhower was selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
1948 John Costello succeeded Éamon de Valera as Taoiseach of Ireland.
1964 Sarah Palin, 11th Governor of Alaska, was born.
1969 Jennifer Aniston, American actress, was born.
1971 Eighty-seven countries signed the Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons in international waters.
1973 Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam took place.
1978 – Censorship: China lifted a ban on works by Aristotle, Shakespeare and Dickens.
1979 Islamic revolution of Iran achieved victory under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
1987 Philippines constitution went into effect.
1991 UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, formed in The Hague.
1997 Space Shuttle Discovery was launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
2013 – Pope Benedict XVI announced his resignation from the papacy, the first pontiff to resign in more than half a millennium.
2014 – A military transport plane crashed in a mountainous area of Oum El Bouaghi Province in eastern Algeria, killing 77 people.
2015 – A university student was murdered as she resisted an attempted rape in Turkey, sparking nationwide protests and public outcry against harassment and violence against women.
2016 – A man shot six people dead at an education center in Jizan Province, Saudi Arabia.
2017 – North Korea test fired a ballistic missile across the Sea of Japan.
2018 – Saratov Airlines Flight 703 crashed near Moscow. All 71 people on board died.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia