April 29 in history

April 29, 2010

On April 29:

711  Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

Tariq ibn Ziyad

1429 Joan of Arc arrived to relieve the Siege of Orleans.

Joan of Arc at the Siege of Orleans by Jules Lenepveu

1483 Gran Canaria, the main of the Canary Islands was conquered by the Kingdom of Castile, an important step in the expansion of Spain.

1624 Cardinal Richelieu became Prime Minister of Louis XIII.

1672 Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.

1707  Scotland and England unified in United Kingdom of Great Britain.

 1770 James Cook arrived at and named Botany Bay, Australia.

  

1832 Évariste Galois released from prison.

 

1861 American Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates voted not to secede from the Union.

1863 William Randolph Hearst, American publisher, was born (d. 1951).

1864 The Theta Xi fraternity was founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.

1882  The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – was tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.

 

1899 Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader, was born (d. 1974).

1901 Hirohito, Emperor of Japan, was born (d. 1989).

1903 A 30 million cubic-metre landslide killed 70 in Frank, Alberta.

 

1915 Donald Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers), was born (d. 1999).

1916 World War I: The British 6th Indian Division surrendered to Ottoman Forces at Kt in one of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point.

1916 Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland was lifted and the rebellion was officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.

 

1933 Rod McKuen, American poet and composer, was born.

1934 Otis Rush, American musician, was born.

1938 Bernard Madoff, American convict, who was a financier and Chairman of the NASDAQ stock exchange., was born.

1945 World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrendered to the Allies.

1945 World War II: Start of Operation Manna.

 

1945 World War II – Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler married his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designated Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.

1945 – The Dachau concentration camp was liberated by United States troops.

 

1945 – The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro was liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces.

1946  Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders were indicted for war crimes.

 

1952 Anzus came into force.

ANZUS comes into force

1953 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.

1954 Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian, was born.

Jerry Seinfeld (1997) cropped.jpg

1957 – Daniel Day-Lewis, British-Irish actor, was born.

A smiling man wearing a gray hat with piping above the band, and a tan Western style shirt, stands in an office, posing for the camera.

1958 Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress, was born.

1958 Eve Plumb, American actress, was born.

1965 Pakistan’s Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launched its seventh rocket in its Rehber series.

 

1967 After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali was stripped of his boxing title.

Muhammad Ali NYWTS.jpg

1968  The controversial musical Hair opened on Broadway.

Hairposter.jpg

1970 Andre Agassi, American tennis player, was born.

Andre Agassi 2005 US Clay Court.jpg

1970 Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invaded Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.

1974 President Richard Nixon announced the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the Watergate  scandal.

 

1975 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. began to evacuate U.S. citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war ended.

Vietnamese refugees disembarking helicopter, Operation Frequent Wind.jpg

1979  Jo O’Meara, British singer (S Club), was born.

1980 Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. was founded.

1980 Kian Egan, Irish singer (Westlife), was born.

1986 Roger Clemens then of the Boston Red Sox set a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.

1986 A fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library damaged or destroyed 400,000 books and other items.

1991 A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

 

1992   Riots in Los Angeles  following the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people were killed and hundreds of buildings were destroyed.

  

1997 The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlawing the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.

1999 The Avala TV Tower near Belgrade was destroyed in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

CK building on fire 1999.jpg

2002 The United States was re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat that it had held for 50 years.

2004 Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testified before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.

 

2004  Oldsmobile built its final car ending 107 years of production.

Oldsmobile Logo

2005 Syria completed withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.

2005 – New Zealand’s first civil union took place.

Sourced from NZ History Online and WIkipedia.


January 20 in history

January 20, 2010

On January 20:

  • Emperor Decius began a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian was martyred.
  • Emperor Traianus Decius (Mary Harrsch).jpg

    1265 In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster.

    Looking down from some height, a large stone building in the Gothic style lies by a river with its long side parallel to it. It is internally organised around a number of courtyards, and its various wings feature grey roofs and multiple=

    1356 Edward Balliol abdicated as King of Scotland.

    1523 Christian II was forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.

    1649 Charles I of England went on trial for treason and other “high crimes”.

    1788 The third and main part of First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decided that Botany Bay is unsuitable for location of a penal colony, and decides to move to Port Jackson.

    ArthurPhilip.jpg

    1840  Dumont D’Urville discovered Adélie Land, Antarctica.

    Dumont d'Urville00.jpg

     

    1840 – Willem II became King of the Netherlands.

    1841  Hong Kong Island was occupied by the British.

    1885  L.A. Thompson patented the roller coaster.

     Thompson’s Switchback Railway

     1887  The United States Senate allowed the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.

    1892  At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game was played.

     The first basketball court: Springfield College.

    1896  George Burns, American actor, comedian, was born.

    1899  Clarice Cliff, English ceramic, was born.

    1910 Joy Adamson, Austrian naturalist and writer, was born.

    1921 The first Constitution of Turkey was adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.

    1926 Patricia Neal, American actress, was born.

    1929  In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, was released.

    1930  Buzz Aldrin, American astronaut, was born.

    Aldrin.jpg

    1934  Tom Baker, British actor, was born.

    1936  Edward VIII became King of the United Kingdom.

     

    1937 Franklin Roosevelt was inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. This was the first inauguration scheduled on January 20, following adoption of the 20th Amendment. Previous inaugurations were scheduled on March 4.

    1950  Liza Goddard, British actress, was born.

    1952 Paul Stanley, American musician (Kiss), was born.

    1957 Scott Base opened in Antarctica.

    Scott Base opened in Antarctica

    1959 The first flight of the Vickers Vanguard.

    1960 Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.

    1961  John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the youngest man, and first-ever Roman Catholic, to become elected President of the United States.

    1965   Sophie, The Countess of Wessex, was born.

    1981 Irann released 52 American hostages twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as U.S. President, the oldest man to be inaugurated at 69.

    1987  Church of England envoy Terry Waite was kidnapped in Lebanon.

    1990  Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.

     Soviet tanks in Baku during Black January.

    1991 Sudan‘s government imposed Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.

    2001  Philippine president Joseph Estradawas ousted in a nonviolent 4-day revolution, and was succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

    2009 Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America – the United States’ first African-American president.

    Portrait of Barack Obama

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    January 19 in history

    January 19, 2010

    On January 19:

    1607 San Agustin Church in Manila, now the oldest church in the Philippines, was officially completed.

    1736 James Watt, Scottish inventor, was born.

    1764  John Wilkes was expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.

    1788  Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.

    1795  Batavian Republic was proclaimed in the Netherlands. End of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

     

     

     

     

    1806 – The United Kingdom occupied the Cape of Good Hope.

    1807  Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general, was born.

    Robert Edward Lee.jpg

    1809 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet, was born.

    1817 An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crossed the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.

    1829 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe‘s Faust Part 1 premiered.

    1839  Paul Cézanne, French painter, was born.

    1839 The British East India Company captured Aden.

     The Company flag, after 1707 

     

     

     1840 Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigated Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.

    1845 Hone Heke cut down the British flag pole for the third time.

    Hone Heke cuts down the British flagstaff -  again
    1848 Matthew Webb, English swimmer/diver  first man to swim English Channel without artifical aids, was born.
     

    1853Giuseppe Verdi‘s opera Il Trovatore premiered in Rome.

    1883  The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, began service at Roselle, New Jersey.

    1893 Henrik Ibsen‘s play The Master Builder premiered in Berlin.

    1899Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was formed.

    1915  Georges Claude patented the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.

    1915  German zeppelins bombed the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.

    1917 German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sent the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States.

    1917 – Silvertown explosion: 73 killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.

    1918 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.

    1923 Jean Stapleton, American actress, was born.

    All in the family.jpg

    1935 Coopers Inc.  sold the world’s first briefs.

    1935  Johnny O’Keefe, Australian singer, was born.

    1937 Howard Hughes set a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.

    1939 Phil Everly, American musician, was born.

    1942  Michael Crawford, British singer and actor, was born.

    1943 Janis Joplin, American singer, was born.

    1943  Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, was born.

    1945  Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.

    1946  Dolly Parton, American singer and actress, was born.

    1946 General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.

    1947 Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple), was born.

    1951  Dewey Bunnell, American singer and songwriter (America), was born.

    1953 68% of all television sets in the United States were tuned in to I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth to Desi Arnaz, Jr., American actor.

    ILoveLucyTitleScreen.jpg

    1966 Indira Gandhi was elected Prime Minister of India.

    1972 – Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, was born.

    Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Bulgaria

    1977 – Snow fell in Miami, Florida for the only time time in the history of the city.

    1978  The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany left VW’s plant in Emden.

    Volkswagen Beetle .jpg

    1981 United States and Iranian officials signed an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.

    1983  Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie was arrested in Bolivia.

    1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, was announced.

    Apple Lisa.jpg

    1993 – IBM announced a $4.97 billion loss for 1992, the largest single-year corporate loss in United States history.

    1996  The barge North Cape oil spill occurred as an engine fire forced the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.

     Tug Scandia and tank barge North Cape

    1997 Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron after more than 30 years and joined celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.

    2006 – The New Horizons probe was launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.

    New Horizons

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    January 18 in history

    January 18, 2010

    On January 18:

    1535  Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded Lima, the capital of Peru.

    1591 King Naresuan of Siam killed Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat,  this date is now observed marked as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

    1670  Henry Morgan captured Panama.

    Morgan,Henry.jpg

    1778 James Cook was the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he named the “Sandwich Islands“.

    1779 Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer, was born.

    Roget P M.jpg

    1788 The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australa arrived at Botany Bay.

    The Charlotte at Portsmouth before departure in May 1787

    1813 Joseph Glidden, American farmer who patented barbed wire, was born.

    1849  Sir Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia, was born.

    1854 Thomas Watson, American telephone pioneer, was born.

    1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany was proclaimed the first German Emperor in the ‘Hall of Mirrors’ of the Palace of Versailles towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire was known as the Second Reich to Germans.

    1882 A. A. Milne, English author, was born.

    Monochrome head-and-shoulders portrait photo of A. A. Milne in coat and tie, with pipe dangling from lips

    1884 Dr. William Price attempted to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

    1886 Modern field hockey was born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

    1889 Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer, was born.
    1892  Oliver Hardy, American comedian and actor, was born.
    1896 The X-ray machine was exhibited for the first time.

    1903  President Theodore Roosevelt sent a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States.

    1904 Cary Grant, English actor, was born.

    1911 Eugene B. Ely landed on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco harbor, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.

    Eugeneely.jpg

    1913  Danny Kaye, American actor, was born.

    1916  A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite struck a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

    1919  The Paris Peace Conference opened in Versailles.

    “The Big Four” during the Paris Peace Conference (from left to right, David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson)

    1919  Ignacy Jan Paderewski became Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.

    1919 Bentley Motors Limited was founded.

    Bentley logo.svg

    1933 Ray Dolby, American inventor (Dolby noise reduction system), was born.

    Dolby (left)  inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

    1943  Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.

    A group of SS men on the street of Warsaw Ghetto during the uprising

    1944 Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia, was born.

    Paul Keating in 1979

    1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosted a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

    1944 – Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.

    Blokada Leningrad diorama.jpg
    Diorama of the Siege of Leningrad, in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, in Moscow

    1945 Liberation of the Budapest ghetto by the Red Army.

    1954  Tom Bailey, English musician (Thompson Twins), was born.

    1955  Battle of Yijiangshan.

    1958 – Willie O’Ree, the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, makes his NHL debut.

    1969  United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay resulting in the loss of all 32 passengers and six crew members.

    1974 A Disengagement of Forces agreement was signed between the Israei and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.

    1977  Scientists identified a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.

    1977 – Australia’s worst rail disaster at Granville, Sydney killed 83.

    1978  The European Court of Human Rights found the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.

    1980 Upper Hutt’s Jon Stevens made it back-to-back No.1 singles when ‘Montego Bay’ bumped ‘Jezebel’ from the top of the New Zealand charts.

    'Montego Bay' hits number one
    1994 The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claimed to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.
    1997  Boerge Ousland of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided.

    1998 Lewinsky scandal: Matt Drudge broke the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair story on his website The Drudge Report.

    2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite hit the Earth.

    Tagish Lake meteorite.jpg

    A 159 gram fragment of the Tagish Lake meteorite

    2002 Sierra Leone Civil War declared over.

    2003 A bushfire killed 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.

    2005 The Airbus A380,, the world’s largest commercial jet, was unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse.

    2007 The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years killed 14 people, Germany’s worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, caused at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. Other losses included the Container Ship MSC Napoli destroyed by the storm off the coast of Devon.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


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