Remembering Black Saturday

07/02/2010

Today is the first anniversary of Australia’s worst natural disaster – the Black Saturday bushfires.

When tragedy like this strikes it makes the headlines and many of us are motivated to do what we can to help, but most of us then get on with our lives.

In remembering the 173 people who died, I’m also reminded of their families and friends for whom life will never be the same again.

UPDATE:

Deborah also rembers at In A Strange Land with links to Black Saturday  and Ashes   from Spilt Milk who lives on the edge of the area which was devastated and whose husband was fighting the fire.


January 26 in history

26/01/2010

On January 26:

340  King Edward III of England is declared King of France.

1500  Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.

1531  Lisbon was hit by an earthquake–thousands die.

1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1565 Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, led to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.

1589  Job was elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

1699  Treaty of Carlowitz was signed.

 Poland after the Treaty of Karlowitz
1700 A magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America.

1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor, was born.

1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader, was born.

1736 Stanislaus I of Poland abdicated his throne.

1788 The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sailed into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent.

ArthurPhilip.jpg

1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.

The arrest of Bligh propaganda cartoon from around 1810.jpgA contemporary propaganda cartoon of Bligh’s arrest produced to show Bligh as being a coward[1]

1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican Republic’s founding father, was born.

1838 Tennessee enacted the first prohibition law in the United States.

1841 The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong.

1844 Governor Fitzroy arrived to investigate the Wairau incident

Governor FitzRoy arrives to investigate Wairau incident
 

1855 Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington Territory.

1857 Trinley Gyatso, Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama, was born.

12thDalai Lama.jpg

1880 Douglas MacArthur, American general, was born.

MacArthur Manila.jpg

1885 Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquered Khartoum.

1892 Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator, was born.

1904  Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

1905 The Cullinan Diamond was found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria.

 Glass copies of the nine diamonds cut from the Cullinan

1905 Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer, was born,

1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III was officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

SMLE Mk III.jpg

1908  Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, was born.

1911 Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful American seaplane.

1911 – Richard Strauss‘ opera Der Rosenkavalier debuted at the Dresden State Opera.

1913 Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter, was born.

1918 Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, was born.

1920 Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launchedthe Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1922 Michael Bentine, British comedian and founding member of The Goons, was born.

1924 St.Petersburg was renamed Leningrad.

1925  Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner, was born.

1930 The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.

1934 The Apollo Theater reopened in Harlem.

1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact was signed.

1939 Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy took Barcelona.

The El Campesino directing Republican soldiers at Villanueva de la Canada.jpg

1942 World War II: The first United States forces arrived in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.

1945  Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist, was born.

1950 The Constitution of India came into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as its first President. 

1952  Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burnt Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.

1955  Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician (Van Halen), was born.

1958 Japanese  ferry Nankai Maru capsised off southern Awaji Island, 167 killed.

1958 Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian, was born.

Ellen DeGeneres (2004).jpg

  • 1961 Janet G. Travell  was the first woman to be appointed physician to the president (Kennedy).
  • 1962  Ranger 3 was launched to study the moon.

    Ranger 3

    1965  Hindi became the official language of India.

    1978  The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).

  • 1980Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
  • 1984 Floods devestated Southland.

    Floods devastate Southland
     

    1988  Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s The Phantom of the Opera had its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre.

    1991  Mohamed Siad Barre was removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and was succeeded by Ali Mahdi.

    1992  Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.

    1998 Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

    2001 An earthquake in Gujarat, India, caused more than 20,000 deaths.

    2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

  • 2004 – A decomposing  whale exploded in the town of Tainan, Taiwan.
  • Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia.


    December 28 in history

    28/12/2009

    On December 28:

    1065  Westminster Abbey was consecrated.

    The Abbey's western façade

    1612 Galileo Galilei becomes the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune, although he mistakenly catalogued it as a fixed star.

    1635  Princess Elizabeth of England

     1768 King Taksin‘s coronation achieved through conquest as a king of Thailand and established Thonburi as a capital.

    1795 Construction of Yonge Street, the longest street in the world, began in York, Upper Canada (present-day Toronto.

     1836 South Australia and Adelaide were founded.

    Flag of  South Australia
     
  • 1836 – Spain recognised the independence of Mexico.
  • 1856  Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate, was born.


     

    1867  United States claims Midway Atoll, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.

    1879 The Tay Bridge Disaster: The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland collapses as a train passes over it, killing 75.

    Tay1.jpg

    1879 Billy Mitchell, American military aviation pioneer

    Billy Mitchell.jpg

    1895 The Lumière brothers performed for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines marking the debut of the cinema.

    Fratelli Lumiere.jpg

    1908 An earthquake rocks Messina, Sicily killing over 75,000.

    1912 The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California.

     
    1929  ‘Black Saturday’ in Samoa – the day that New Zealand military police fired on a Mau demonstration in Apia, killing 11 Samoans, including the independence leader Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III. This led the Mau movement to demand independence for Samoa.

    'Black Saturday' - NZ police open fire in Apia

    1934 Dame Maggie Smith, British actress

    1935 Pravda published a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union.

    1945 The United States Congress officially recognised the Pledge of Allegiance.

     1950 The Peak District became the United Kingdom’s first National Park.

    1953 Richard Clayderman, French pianist, was born.

    1954  Denzel Washington, American actor, was born.

    1956 Nigel Kennedy, British violinist, was born.

    1981 The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, was born in Norfolk, Virginia.

    1989 A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hits Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, killing 13 people.

    1999  Saparmurat Niyazov was proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan.

    2007 Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.

     Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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