476 Romulus Augustus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, was deposed when Odoacer proclaimed himself King of Italy.
626 Li Shimin, posthumously known as Emperor Taizong of Tang, assumed the throne of the Tang Dynasty of China.
1666 In London, the worst damage from the Great Fire occurred.
1781 Los Angeles, California, was founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porziuncola) by 44 Spanish settlers.
1812 War of 1812: The Siege of Fort Harrison began when the fort was set on fire.
1862 Civil War Maryland Campaign: General Robert E. Lee took the Army of Northern Virginia, and the war, into the North.
1863 Soon after leaving Nelson for Napier, the newly built brig Delaware was wrecked. Accounts of the incident often focus on the heroism of Huria Matenga, the only woman in a party of five local Maori who assisted the crew to shore.
1870 Emperor Napoleon III of France was deposed and the Third Republic declared.
1884 The United Kingdom ended its policy of penal transportation to Australia.
1886 Indian Wars: after almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo, with his remaining warriors, surrendered to General Nelson Miles.
1894 In New York City, 12,000 tailors struck against sweatshop working conditions.
1901 William Lyons, British industrialist (Jaguar cars), was born (d. 1985).
1905 – Mary Renault, English-South African author (d. 1983).
1913 – Shmuel Wosner, Austrian-Israeli rabbi and author was born (d. 2015).
1917 Henry Ford II, American industrialist, was born (d. 1987).
1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk gathered a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
1926 – George William Gray, British chemist who developed liquid crystals that made displays possible was born (d. 2013).
1937 Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer, was born.
1941 World War II: a German submarine mades the first attack against a United States ship, the USS Greer.
1942 – Merald “Bubba” Knight, American singer was born (Gladys Knight & the Pips).
1944 World War II: the British 11th Armoured Division liberated the Belgian city of Antwerp.
1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicated for health reasons.
1949 Maiden flight of the Bristol Brabazon.
1949 The Peekskill Riots erupted after a Paul Robeson concert in Peekskill, New York.
1950 First appearance of the “Beetle Bailey” comic strip.
1950 Darlington Raceway was the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
1951 Martin Chambers, English drummer (The Pretenders), was born.
1951 The first live transcontinental television broadcast took place in San Francisco, California, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.
1956 The IBM RAMAC 305 was introduced, the first commercial computer to use magnetic disk storage.
1957 American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis – Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas, called out the National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling in Central High School.
1957 The Ford Motor Company introduced the Edsel.
1963 Swissair Flight 306 crashed near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board.
1964 Scotland’s Forth Road Bridge near Edinburgh officially opened.
1967 Vietnam War: Operation Swift began: U.S. Marines engaged the North Vietnamese in battle in the Que Son Valley.
1969 – Inga Tuigamala, Samoan-New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1971 A Boeing 727 Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 crashed near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.
1972 Mark Spitz became the first competitor to win seven medals at a single Olympic Games.
1975 The Sinai Interim Agreement relating to the Arab-Israeli conflict was signed.
1977 The Golden Dragon Massacre in San Francisco, California.
1981 – Beyoncé, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress, was born.
1995 The Fourth World Conference on Women opened in Beijing with more than 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.
1996 War on Drugs: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) attacked a military base in Guaviare, starting three weeks of guerrilla warfare in which at least 130 Colombians were killed.
1998 Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, students at Stanford University.
2010 – Magnitude 7.1 earthquake rocked Canterbury.
2010 – A plane crashed soon after taking off from Fox Glacier airstrip, killing all nine people on board.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia