845 – The first King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeated the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon near Redon.
1307 – Pope Clement V issued the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiaewhich instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets.
1574 – Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
1635 – Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launched a pacification campaignagainst native villages, resulting in Dutch control of the middle and south of the island.
1718 – British pirate Edward Teach ( “Blackbeard“) was killed in battle with a boarding party led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard.
1808 Thomas Cook, British travel entrepreneur, was born (d. 1892).
1812 – War of 1812: 17 Indiana Rangers were killed at the Battle of Wild Cat Creek.
1819 George Eliot, (Mary Ann Evans) British novelist, was born (d. 1880).
1830 – Charles Grey, (2nd Earl Grey), became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1837 – Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie called for a rebellion against Great Britain in his essay “To the People of Upper Canada”, published in his newspaper The Constitution.
1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark was launched – one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1890 Charles de Gaulle, President of France was born (d. 1970).
1899 Hoagy Carmichael, American composer, was born (d. 1981).
1908 – The Congress of Manastir established the Albanian alphabet.
1913 – Benjamin Britten, British composer, was born (d. 1976).
1917 Jon Cleary, Australian author, was born (d 2010).
1928 – The premier performance of Ravel’s Boléro in Paris.
1935 – The China Clipper took off from Alameda, California for its first commercial flight, reaching its destination, Manila, a week later.
1939 General Bernard Freyburg took command of the British Expeditionary Force.
1940 – Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattack into Italian-occupied Albania and capture Korytsa.
1943 – Lebanon gained independence from France.
1954 – The Humane Society of the United States was founded.
1958 Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress, was born.
1963 – In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy was killed and Texas Governor John B. Connally seriously wounded.
1963 – US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.
1973 – The Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo was disbanded.
1974 – The United Nations General Assembly granted the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.
1975 – Juan Carlos was declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
1977 – British Airways started a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
1987 – Two Chicago television stations were hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.
1988 – The first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber was revealed.
1989 – In West Beirut, a bomb exploded near the motorcade of Lebanese President René Moawad, killing him.
1995 – Toy Story was released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
2002 – In Nigeria, more than 100 people were killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.
2004 – The Orange Revolution began in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.
2005 – Angela Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia