On February 12:
1429 English forces under Sir John Fastolf defended a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
1554 A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey was beheaded for treason.
1567 Thomas Campion, English composer and poet, was born.
1700 The Great Northern War began in Northern Europe.
1719 The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands was founded.
1771 Gustav III became the King of Sweden.
1809 Charles Darwin, English naturalist, was born.
1809 Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States, was born.
1817 An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeated Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.
1825 The Muscogee (Creek )ceded the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.
1828 George Meredith, English writer, was born.
1832 Ecuador annexed the Galápagos Islands.
1855 Michigan State University was established.
1870 Women gain the right to vote in the Utah Territory.
1879 The first artificial ice rink in North America opened at Gilmore’s Park in New York City.
1881 Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina, was born.
1894 Anarchist Émile Henry hurled a bomb into Paris’s Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
1909 SS Penguin was wrecked in Cook Strait.
1909 The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.
1911 Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive, was born.
1914 The first stone of the Lincoln Memorial was put into place.
1915 Lorne Greene, Canadian actor, was born.
1923 – Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director and designer, was born.
1924 Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech on radio.
1934 The Austrian Civil War began.
1934 In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista was inaugurated.
1938 Judy Blume, American author, was born.
1945 David Friedman, American economist, was born.
1948 Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author, was born.
1961 U.S.S.R. launched Venera 1 towards Venus.
1973 The first United States prisoners of war were released by the Viet Cong.
1974 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature was exiled from the Soviet Union.
2002 The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević began.
2004 The city of San Francisco, began issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
2006 A powerful winter storm blanketed the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington D.C. to Boston, and a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.
2007 A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City killing 5 people wounding 4 others in the Trolley Square shooting.
2009 Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashed into a house near Buffalo, New York killing 50 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.