November 12 in history


On November 12:

1651  Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author, was born.

1729  Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer, was born.

1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor, was born.


1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a Scottish physician, was the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.

1866 Sun Yat-sen, the 1st President of the Republic of China was born.

1889 DeWitt Wallace, American magazine publisher, co-founder of  Readers Digest, was born.

1912 The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men were found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.

Man with receding hairline, looking left, wearing naval uniform with medals, polished buttons and heavy shoulder decorations

1912 Striking worker Fred Evans was seriously injured in a clash with police and strikebreakers during the bitter six-month-long dispute at the goldmining town of Waihi. He died the following day.

1918  Austria became a republic.

1929  Princess Grace of Monaco, was born.

1933 Hugh Gray took the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.

The “Surgeon’s photo” (1934), later revealed as a hoax.

1934 Charles Manson, American cult leader, was born.

1936 The San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic

1942 The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces began.

1943  Bjorn Waldegard, Swedish rally driver, was born.


1944  Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter (Booker T and the MG’s), was born.


1945 Neil Young, Canadian singer and musician, was born.

1958  A team of rock climbers led by Warren Harding completed the first ascent of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley.

Yosemite El Capitan.jpg

1962  Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist, was born.

1969 Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh broke the My Lai story.

1970 The 1970 Bhola cyclone made landfall on the coast of East Pakistan becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone in history.

1970  Craig Parker, New Zealand actor, was born.


1990 Crown Prince Akihito was formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.

1990  Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

NZ tops Global Peace Index


 New Zealand has topped the  Institute for Economics and Peace’s Global Peace Index .

dairy 1

The Institute is an Australian think tank dedicated to developing the inter-relationships between business, peace and economic development.
The results of the 2009 survey  suggest:
that the world has become slightly less peaceful in the past year, which appears to reflect the intensification of violent conflict in some countries and the effects of both the rapidly rising food and fuel prices early in 2008 and the dramatic global economic downturn in the final quarter of the year. Rapidly rising unemployment, pay freezes and falls in the value of house prices, savings and pensions is causing popular resentment in many countries, with political repercussions that have been registered by the GPI through various indicators measuring safety and security in society.
The GPI uses 23 indicators  of the existence or absence of peace, divided into three broad categories:  measures of ongoing domestic and international conflict, measures of safety and security in society and measures of militarization.
The Top 10 countries were: New Zealand, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Austria, Sweden, Japan, Canada, Finland and Slovenia.
At the bottom were: Georgia, Zimbabwe, Russia, Pakistan, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Israel, Somalia, Afghaanistan and Iraq.
The full list is here.

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