March 22

22/03/2010

On March 22:

238 Gordian I and his son Gordian II were proclaimed Roman emperors.

Gordianus elder pushkin.jpgGordianusIIsest.jpg

1599 Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter, was born.

 

1621  The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony signed a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.

1622 Jamestown massacre: Algonquian Indians killed 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony’s population.

 

1630  Massachusetts Bay Colony outlawed the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.

1638 Anne Hutchinson was expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.

 

1765  British parliament passed the Stamp Act, which introduced a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.

 

1784 The Emerald Buddha was moved to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.

 

1809 Charles XIII succeeded Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.

1818 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia, was born.

 

1829 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) established the borders of Greece.

1849 The Austrians defeated the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.

Battaglia di Novara.jpg

1871 William Woods Holden became the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.

 

1873 A law was approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery.

1887 Chico Marx, American comedian and actor, was born.

1894 The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup started.

1895 First display (a private screening) of motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière.

Fratelli Lumiere.jpg

1906 First Anglo-French rugby union match at Parc des Princes in Paris

1908 Louis L’Amour, American author, was born.

1910 Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist, was born.

 

1916 The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicated the throne and the Republic of China was restored.

1923 Marcel Marceau, world renown French Mime, was born.

1930 Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist, was born.

West Side 001.jpg

1933 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine.

1936 Roger Whittaker, British singer, was born.

Roger Whittaker

1939  Germany took Memel from Lithuania.

 

1941 Washington’s Grand Coulee Dam began to generate electricity.

Grand Coulee Dam

1942 Britain’s Royal Navy confronted Italy’s Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.

 

1942 Keith Relf, English musician (The Yardbirds), was born.

 

1943 The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus was burnt alive by German occupation forces.

 

1945 The Arab League was founded when a charter was adopted in Cairo.

1948 Andrew Lloyd Webber, English theatre composer, was born.

1954 The London bullion market reopened.

1955 Valdis Zatlers, 7th President of Latvia, was born.

1960  Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Hard Townes received the first patent for a laser.

 

1978 Karl Wallenda of the The Flying Wallendas died after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

File:Flying-wallendas.png

1982 NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia, was launched on its third mission, STS-3.

Space Shuttle Columbia

1993 The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.

1994 Anna Paquin won an Oscar for her part in The Piano. Director Jane Campion won the award for best screen play.

  Kiwis win Oscars for 'The piano'

1995 Cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov returned after setting a record for 438 days in space.

Valeri Polyakov.jpg

1997 Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, became the youngest champion of the women’s world figure skating competition.

Tara lipinski.jpg

1997 – The Comet Hale-Bopp had its closest approach to earth.

Comet Hale-Bopp, shortly after passing perihelion in April 1997.

2004 Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist group Hamas, two bodyguards, and nine civilian bystanders were killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.

2006 ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declared permanent ceasefire.

2006 – BC Ferries’ M/V Queen of the North ran aground on Gil Island British Columbia and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths.

Queen of the North.jpg

2006 – Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages were freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.

2009 Mount Redoubt, a volcano in Alaska began erupting after a prolonged period of unrest.

 

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipeida


February 13 in history

13/02/2010

On February 13:

711 BC  Jimmu, Japanese emperor, was born.

Jimmu cropped.jpg

 1503 Disfida di Barletta challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.

 Monument to the Challenge in Barletta.

  • 1542Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VII , was executed for adultery.
  • Portrait miniature of Catherine Howard, by Hans Holbein the Younger.

    1575 Henry III of France was crowned at Rheims and married Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont on the same day.

    1633 Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.

    Portrait of Galileo Galilei by Giusto Sustermans

    1668 Spain recognised Portugal as an independent nation.

    1689 William and Mary were proclaimed co-rulers of England.

    Engraving depicting a king, queen, throne, and arms 

    1692 Massacre of Glencoe: About 78 Macdonalds at were killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.

    West Highland Way 2005 Coe.jpg

    1728 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (, was born.

    1743 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist, was born.

    1815 The Cambridge Union Society was founded.

    1835 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, was born.

    1849 Lord Randolph Churchill, British statesman, was born.

     1869 A Ngati Maniapoto war party led by Wetere Te Rerenga attacked Pukearuhe. They killed  Lieutenant Gascoigne, his wife and three children and a Wesleyan missionary John Whiteley.

    Killings at Pukearuhe

      1880 Work began on the covering of the Zenne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.

     Construction of the covering and tunnels.

    1880 – Thomas Edison observed the Edison effect.

    1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne was first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.

      

    1891 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer, was born.

    1894 Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.

     

    1914 The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers was established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.

    1920 The Negro National League was formed.

    1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sank in the Arctic Ocean.

    Chelyuskin sinking

    1942 Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees), was born.

    1944 Jerry Springer, American television host, was born.

    1945 The siege of Budapest concluded with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army.

    Russian Soldier Budapest.JPG

    1945 World War II: Royal Air Force bombers were dispatched to Dresden to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.

    1950 Peter Gabriel, English musician (Genesis), composer and humanitarian, was born.

    1955 Israel obtained 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.

    1960 France tested its first atomic bomb.

    1960 Black college students staged the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee.

    1967 American researchers discovered the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.

    1970 Black Sabbath, arguably the very first heavy metal album, was released.

    1978 Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.

     

    1979 An intense windstorm struck western Washington and sank a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.

    1982  Río Negro massacre in Guatemala.

    1981 A series of sewer explosions destroyed more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.

    1984 Konstantin Chernenko succeeded the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

    1990 German reunification: An agreement was reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.

    1991 Gulf War: Two laser-guided “smart bombs” destroyed the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad.

    2000 The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appeared in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz died.

    Peanuts gang.png

    2001 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hit El Salvador, killing at least 400.

    2004 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announced the discovery of the universe’s largest known diamond white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star “Lucy” after The Beatles’ song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds”.

    2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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