Start where you are. Use what you have. Do what you can. – Arthur Ashe who was born on this day in 1943.
48 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoided a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
988 The city of Dublin was founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
1452 King James III of Scotland was born (d. 1488).
1460 Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeated the king’s Lancastrian forces and took King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
1499 Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returned to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.
1509 John Calvin, French religious reformer, was born (d. 1564).
1553 Lady Jane Grey took the throne of England.
1645 English Civil War: The Battle of Langport.
1778 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declared war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1789 Alexander Mackenzie reached the Mackenzie River delta.
1802 Robert Chambers, Scottish author and naturalist, was born (d. 1871).
1804 – Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women’s Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was born (d. 1879).
1806 The Vellore Mutiny, the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1821 The United States took possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.
1830 Camille Pissarro, French painter, was born (d. 1903).
1850 Millard Fillmore was inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States.
1859 Big Ben rang for the first time.
1864 Austin Chapman, Australian politician, was born (d. 1926).
1871 Marcel Proust, French writer, was born (d. 1922).
1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born (d. 1955).
1903 John Wyndham, British author, was born (d. 1969).
1909 Donald Sinclair, British hotel manager, inspiration for Fawlty Towers, was born (d. 1981).
1913 Death Valley, California hit 134 °F (~56.7 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
1921 Belfast’s Bloody Sunday: 16 people were killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1921 Harvey Ball, American commercial artist, was born (d. 2001).
1925 Scopes Trial: The so-called “Monkey Trial” began with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
1931 Alice Munro, Canadian writer, was born.
1938 Howard Hughes set a new record by completing a 91 hour flight around the world.
1940 Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur, was born.
1940 World War II: the Vichy government is established in France.
1940 World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe began attacking British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested).
1941 Jedwabne Pogrom: the massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player and journalist, , was born (d. 1993).
1947 Arlo Guthrie, American musician, was born.
1947 Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
1951 Korean War: Armistice negotiations began.
1954 Neil Tennant, British musician (Pet Shop Boys), was born.
1962 Telstar, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
1966 The Chicago Freedom Movement, lead by Martin Luther King, held a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois.
1967 New Zealand adopted decimal currency.
1968 Maurice Couve de Murville became Prime Minister of France.
1973 The Bahamas gained full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passed a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.
1971 King Hassan II of Morocco survived an attempted coup d’etat, which lasts until June 11.
1976 The Seveso disaster in Italy.
1976 One American and three British mercenaries were executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
1978 President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania was ousted in a bloodless coup d’état.
1980 Alexandra Palace burned down for a second time.
1985 Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior was bombed and sank in Auckland harbour.
1991 Boris Yeltsin began his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.
1991 The South African cricket team was readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
1992 In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
1997 Scientists reported the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supported the “out of Africa theory” of human evolution placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
1997 – Partido Popular (Spain) member Miguel Ángel Blanco was kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
1998 The Diocese of Dallas agreed to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.
2003 A bus collided with a truck, fell off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunged into the underlying valley, killing 21 people.
2005 Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
2006 Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan, shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board.
2011 – Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sunk in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, leading to 122 deaths.
2016 – Portugal beat France in the UEFA Euro 2016 Final.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On April 8:
217 Roman Emperor Caracalla was assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.
1093 The new Winchester Cathedral was dedicated by Walkelin.
1139 Roger II of Sicily was excommunicated.
1513 Explorer Juan Ponce de León declared Florida a territory of Spain.
1730 Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, was dedicated.
1767 Ayutthaya kingdom fell to Burmese invaders.
1820 The Venus de Milo was discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield – Union forces were thwarted by the Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana.
1866 Italy and Prussia allied against Austrian Empire
1873 Julius Vogel became Premier of New Zealand.
1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduced the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
1892 Mary Pickford, Canadian actress, was born.
1895 The Supreme Court of the United States declared unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional in Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co.
1904 The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland signed the Entente cordiale.
1904 John Hicks, British economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner, was born.
1906 Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, died.
1908 Harvard University voted to establish the Harvard Business School.
1913 The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, beccame law.
1919 Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia, was born.
1938 Kofi Annan, Ghanaian United Nations Secretary General, was born.
1942 World War II: Siege of Leningrad – Soviet forces opened a much-needed railway link to Leningrad.
1942 – World War II: The Japanese took Bataan in the Philippines.
1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, froze wages and prices, prohibited workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and barred rate increases by common carriers and public utilities.
1946 The last meeting of the League of Nations, was held.
1950 India and Pakistan signed the Liaquat-Nehru Pact.
1952 U.S. President Harry Truman called for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
1953 Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta iwa convicted by Kenya’s British rulers.
1954 A Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Harvard collided with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.
1955 Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist, was born.
1965 Michael Jones, New Zealand rugby player and coach, was born.
1968 BOAC Flight 712 caught fire shortly after take off. As a result of her actions in the accident, Barbara Jane Harrison was awarded a posthumous George Cross, the only GC awarded to a woman in peacetime.
1970 Bahr el-Baqar incident Israeli airforce F4 Phantom II fighter bombers, struck the single-floor school with five bombs and 2 air-to-ground missiles. 46 children were killed, and more than 50 wounded.
1975 Frank Robinson managed the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball’s first African American manager.
1985 Bhopal disaster: India filed suit against Union Carbide for the disaster which killed an estimated 2,000 and injured another 200,000.
1989 The Democratic Party was formed in South Africa from the merger of four parties.
1989 The two Greek Communist parties and smaller left-wing parties, merged to form the Coalition of the Left and Progress .
1990 New Democracy won the national election in Greece.
1992 Retired tennis champion Arthur Ashe announced that he had AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries.
2006 Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, were found in a field in Ontario, Canada.
2008 The construction of the world’s first building to integrate wind turbines was completed in Bahrain.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia