December 25 in history

December 25, 2018

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

2016 – A Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 carrying members of the Alexandrov Ensemble crashed into the Black Sea shortly after takeoff, killing all 92 people on board.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2017

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2016

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born (d. 1949).

1894 – At 1.30 on the afternoon of Christmas Day 1894, Jack Clarke, Tom Fyfe and George Graham became the first to stand atop Aoraki/Mt Cook.

First ascent of Mt Cook

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2015

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest sonConstans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI)manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become theWorld Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro AirportNorthwest Airlines Flight 253.

2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashed close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2014

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptised more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2013

0 (or 1 AD)ish  – Jesus was born.

33 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevated his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.

350 – Vetranio met Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and was forced to abdicate his title (Caesar).

496 – Clovis I, king of the Franks, was baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.

597 – Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptises more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons in Kent.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 Sir James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2012

0 (or 1 AD)  – Jesus was born.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton, English  physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born (d. 1727).

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1916 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born (d. 2012).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) manoeuvre, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter released Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

2009 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board a flight to Detroit Metro Airport Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2011

0 (or 1 AD)  – Jesus was born.

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1918 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born.

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) maneouver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2010

On December 25:

0 – Jesus was born.

 

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

 Detail of the mosaic with Roger II receiving the crown by Christ, Martorana, Palermo.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembled the first Nativity scene.

Painting by Jusepe de Ribera

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

 Autograph of the carol by  Franz Xaver Gruber.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born  (d. 1912).

   

 1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1950).

 

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born (d. 1965).

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born (d. 1979).

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born (d. 1984).

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born(d. 1949).

 Ripley’s Odditorium in Hollywood

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born (d. 1957).

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born (d. 1999).

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born  .

1914 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born (d. 2007).

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1981).

1918 Ahmed Ben Bella,  first President of Algeria, was born.

 Ben Bella (right) after his arrest by the French army

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China killed ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born (d. 1995).

Kenny Everett.jpg

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

 

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) maneouver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena were condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

 

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
 The Web’s historic logo designed by Robert Cailliau
 
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union.
 
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.
 

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.

Beagle 2 replica.jpg
   

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 25 in history

December 25, 2009

On December 25:

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

 Detail of the mosaic with Roger II receiving the crown by Christ, Martorana, Palermo.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembles the first Nativity scene.

Painting by Jusepe de Ribera

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

 Autograph of the carol by  Franz Xaver Gruber.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born.

   

 1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born.

 

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born.

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born.

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born.

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born.

 Ripley’s Odditorium in Hollywood

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born.

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born.

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born.

1914 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born.

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born.

1918 Ahmed Ben Bella, politician, first President of Algeria, was born.

 Ben Bella (right) after his arrest by the French army

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born.

Kenny Everett.jpg

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

 

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) maneouver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena are condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

 

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
 The Web’s historic logo designed by Robert Cailliau
 
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day).
 
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.
 
  • 2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.
  • Beagle 2 replica.jpg
       

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    December 10 in history

    December 10, 2009

    On December 10:

    1394 King James I of Scotland was born.

    1520  Martin Luther burned his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine outside Wittenberg‘s Elster Gate.


    1655 The Royal Netherlands Marine Corps was founded by Michiel de Ruyter.

    1684  Isaac Newton‘s derivation of Kepler’s laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, was read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.

    Head and shoulders portrait of man in black with shoulder-length gray hair, a large sharp nose, and an abstracted gaze

    1830 Emily Dickinson, American poet, was born.

    1868 The first traffic lights were installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they used semaphore arms and were illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

    1878  Rajaji, India’s freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India was born.

    1901 The first Nobel Prizes were awarded.

     The committee room of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

    1902 Women were given the right to vote in Tasmania.

    1906 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first American to do so.

    1907 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clashed with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals which had been vivisected.

    1907 Rumer Godden, English writer, was born.

    1908 Ernest Rutherford won the Nobel Prize in chemistry.

    Rutherford wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

    1914 Dorothy Lamour, American actress, was born.

    1927 The Grand Ole Opry premiered on radio.

    Grand Ole Opry Logo 2005.png

    1932 Thailand adopted a Constitution and became a constitutional monarchy.

    1936 Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII signed the Instrument of Abdication.

    The Instrument of Abdication signed by Edward VIII and his three brothers.

    1948 The UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

    Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

    1949 Chinese Civil War: The People’s Liberation Army began its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.

    Shangtang.jpg

    1952 Susan Dey, American actress, was born.

    1955 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American novelist, was born.

    1960  Kenneth Branagh, Northern Irish actor and director, was born.

    1962 New Zealand born Maurice Wilkins won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. His colleagues James Watson and Francis Crick shared the prize for their studies on the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the genetic molecule found in all organisms. Watson used X-rays to show the shape of the double helix.

    Wilkins wins Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    1978 Arab-Israeli conflict: Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

    1983 Democracy was restored in Argentina with the assumption of President Raúl Alfonsín.

    1989 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announced the establishment of Mongolia‘s democratic movement that peacefully changed the second oldest communist country into a democratic society.

    1993 The last shift left Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. The closure of the 156-year-old pit marked the end of the old County Durham coalfield, which had been in operation since the Middle Ages.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    November 19 in history

    November 19, 2009

    On November 19:

    1600  King Charles I of England was born.

    1805  Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer, was born.

    1816  Warsaw University was established.

    Bramauw.jpg

    1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

     

    The only confirmed photo of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg (circled), taken about noon, just after Lincoln arrived and some three hours before the speech.

    1905  Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader, was born.

    1916  Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.

    A Goldwyn Picture.JPG
     

    1917  Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India was born.

    1933  Larry King, American TV personality, was born.

    1942  Calvin Klein, American clothing designer, was born.

    1942  Battle of StalingradSoviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launched the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.

    1961  Meg Ryan, American actress, was born.

    1962  Jodie Foster, American actress, was born.

    1969  Football player Pelé scored his 1,000th goal.

    Pelé 23092007.jpg

    1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat

    became the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel.

    1984 A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.

    Pemex logo.png
     
    1992 The Fred Hollows Foundation was launched in New Zealand.
    1997 , Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They became the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2009.
     
    1998  Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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