221 Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declared himself emperor of Shu-Han and claimed his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.
1311 Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeated Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens.
1493 Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
1545 First meeting of the Council of Trent.
1767 Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States, was born (d. 1845).
1776 South Carolina became the first American colony to declare its independence from Great Britain and set up its own government.
1779 Lord Melbourne, (William Lamb) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom,, was born (d. 1848).
1781 Battle of Guilford Courthouse: 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeated an American force of 4,400.
1783 George Washington asked his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea was successful and the threatened coup d’état never eventuated.
1809 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia, was born (d. 1876).
1844 The New Zealand Company ended its colonising efforts.
1877 The first cricket test started between England and Australia.
1887 – Marjorie Merriweather Post, American businesswoman, founded General Foods (d. 1973).
1906 Rolls-Royce Limited was incorporated.
1922 Fuad I became King of Egypt.
1926 The dictator Theodoros Pangalos was elected President of Greece without opposition.
1931 SS Viking exploded off Newfoundland, killing 27 of the 147 on board.
1941 Mike Love, American musician (The Beach Boys), was born.
1943 Third Battle of Kharkov – Germans retook the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting.
1943 – Lynda La Plante, English screenwriter, and author.
1944 Sly Stone, American musician, was born.
1952 In Cilaos, Réunion, 1870 mm (73 inches) of rain fell in one day, setting a new world record.
1961 South Africa withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1985 The first Internet domain name was registered (symbolics.com).
1988 The Halabja poison gas attack of the Iran–Iraq War began.
1990 Iraq hung British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying.
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev was elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
1991 – The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany went into effect, granting full sovereignty to the Federal Republic of Germany.
2011 – Beginning of the Syrian civil war.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia