44 BC – Casca and Cassius decided, on the night before the Assassination of Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should stay alive.
313 – Emperor Jin Huidi was executed by Liu Cong, ruler of the Xiongnu state (Han Zhao).
1381 – Chioggia concluded an alliance with Zadar and Trogir against Venice.
1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sold her kingdom to Venice.
1590 Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeated the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.
1647 Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden signed the Truce of Ulm.
1681 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer, was born (d. 1767).
1757 Admiral John Byng
was executed by firing squad, on-board the HMS Monarch
, for neglecting his duty.
1794 Eli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gin.
1804 – Johann Strauss, Sr., Austrian composer, was born (d. 1849).
1833 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first female dentist in the United States, was born (d. 1910).
1844 – King Umberto I of Italy, was born (d. 1900).
1864 – Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, was born (d. 1900).
1868 – Emily Murphy, Canadian women’s rights activist, first female magistrate in the British Empire, was born (d 1933).
1869 – Defeat of Titokowaru.
1879 – Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1955).
1900 The Gold Standard Act was ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
1903 The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, was ratified by the United States Senate.
1905 Chelsea Football Club was founded.
1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
1914 – Bill Owen, British actor, was born (d. 1999).
1915 Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing theBattle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresdenwas abandoned and scuttled by her crew.
1933 – Sir Michael Caine, British actor, was born.
1936 – Sir Bob Charles, New Zealand golfer, was born.
1939 Slovakia declared independence under German pressure.
1942 Orvan Hess and John Bumstead became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
1945 World War II – The R.A.F. first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany.
1945 – Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist (Chicago), was born.
1947 – Pam Ayres, British poet, was born.
1948 – Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian, was born.
1951 Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recaptured Seoul.
1958 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco, was born.
1964 A jury in Dallas, Texas found Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy.
1968 – Megan Follows, Canadian actress, was born.
1972 Italian publisher and former partisan Giangiacomo Feltrinelli was killed by an explosion.
1976 – Daniel Gillies, Canadian born New Zealand actor, was born.
1978 The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani.
1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident crashed into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
1980 Split Enz reached No 1 with I Got You from their True Colours album.
1980 A plane crashed during final approach near Warsaw killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team.
1984 – Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt.
1989 General Michel Aoun declared that he will act for the liberation of Lebanon.
1994 Linux kernel version 1.0.0 was released.
1995 Astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
1998 An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hit southeastern Iran.
2005 Cedar Revolution: hundreds of thousands of Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon and against the government.
2007 – The Left Front government of West Bengal sent at least 3,000 police to Nandigram in an attempt to break Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee resistance there; the resulting clash left 14 dead.
2008 – A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupted in Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet.
2012 – The International Criminal Court in The Hague issued its first verdict in the case of Prosecutor vs. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. At issue was the military use of children. Unanimously, the Trial Chamber, led by Sir Adrian Fulford, found Lubanga guilty of the war crime of conscripting and enlisting children under the age of 15 and using them in his rebel army The Union of Congolese Patriots.
2018 – The store, Toy R Us, filed for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy that caused them to start liquidation.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia