January 21 in history

January 21, 2010

On January 21:

1189 – Philip II of France and Richard I of England began to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.

Siege of Acre.jpg

1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1643 Abel Tasman was the first European to reach Tonga.

Fragment of “Portrait of Abel Tasman, his wife and daughter” attributed to Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp,

1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire.

1789 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, was printed in Boston, Massachusetts.

  • 1793 – After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France was executed by guillotine.
  • 1824   Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, American, Confederate army general was born.

    Stonewall Jackson.jpg

    1864 – The Tauranga Campaign started during the New Zealand Land Wars.

    1887 – Brisbane received a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.

    1893 – The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which is now Botswana.

    1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.

    Opel logo.svg

    1905 Christian Dior, French fashion designer, was born.

    Christian Dior
    Christian Dior - book cover.jpg

    1908 – New York City passed the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, but the measure was vetoed by the mayor.

    1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally.

    1915 – Kiwanis International  was founded in Detroit, Michigan.

     
    Kiwanis-logo.png

    1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopted Ireland’s first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.

    1921 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.

    1924 Benny Hill, English actor, comedian, and singer, was born.

    1925  Albania declared itself a republic.

    1938 Wolfman Jack, American disk jockey and actor, was born.

    1940  Jack Nicklaus, American golfer, was born.

    JackNicklaus.cropped.jpg

    1941 Plácido Domingo, Spanish tenor, was born.

     

    1942,  Mac Davis, American musician, was born.


    1944 New Zealand & Australia signed the Canberra Pact, which was an undertaking by both countries to co-operate on international matters, especially in the Pacific.

    NZ and Australia sign the Canberra Pact

    1950 Billy Ocean, West Indian musician, was born.

     1953 Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft, was born.

    1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), was launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.

    1958 – The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashed, killing the pilot and winch-operator.

    1960 – Miss Sam, a female rhesus monkey, lifted off from Wallops Island, Virginia, aboard Little Joe 1B – an unmanned test of the Mercury spacecraft.

     

    1968 Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicised and controversial battles of the Vietnam War began.

    1974 Rove McManus, Australian television host and comedian, was born.

    1976 – Commercial service of Concorde began with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

    1976 Emma Bunton, English singer (Spice Girls), was born.

    1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders.

    1981 – Tehran released United States hostages after 444 days.

    1997 – Newt Gingrich became the first leader of the United States House of Representatives to be internally disciplined for ethical misconduct.

    1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepted a ship with over 4,300 kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.

    2002 – The Canadian Dollar set all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).

    2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 11 September 2001, and Asian stocks dropped as much as 15%.

    Sourced from NZ hisotry Online & Wikipedia.


    November 28 in history

    November 28, 2009

    On November 28:

    1520 Three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.

    1582 William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway paid a £40 bond for their marriage licence.

    1628  John Bunyan, English cleric and author. was born.

    1632 Jean-Baptiste Lully, French composer, was born.

    1660 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray at Gresham College decided to found what became the Royal Society.

     Mace of the Royal Society, granted by King Charles II.

    1757 – William Blake, British poet, was born.

    1814  The Times in London was for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered   presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

    1820 Friedrich Engels, German philosopher, was born.

    1821 Panama separated from Spain and joined Gran Colombia.

    Flag Coat of arms

     

    1829  Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer, was born.

    1843 The Kingdom of Hawaii was officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

    Flag Coat of arms

    1893 Women voted in a general election New Zealand for the first time.

    1904  Nancy Mitford, British essayist, was born.

    1905  Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founded Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.

    1912  Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire.

    1919  Lady Astor was elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She was the first woman to sit in the House of Commons.  (Countess Markiewicz, the first to be elected, refused to sit).

    1933  Hope Lange, American actress, was born.

    1948  Beeb Birtles, Dutch-Australian musician/singer-songwriter; co-founding member of Little River Band, was born.

    1960  Mauritania became independent of France.

    1961 Martin Clunes, British actor, was born.

    1962  Matt Cameron, American drummer (Soundgarden, Pearl Jam, was born.

    1964 NASA launched the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.

    Mariner 3 and 4.jpg

    1975 East Timor declared its independence from Portugal.

    1977 Greg Somerville, New Zealand rugby union footballer, was born.

    1979  Air New Zealand Flight TE901, a DC-10 operated sightseeing flight over Antarctica, crashed into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 people on board.

    1987 South African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on-board.

    1991  South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia.

    2008 An Air NZ Airbus A320 crashed off the coast of France.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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