February 2 in history

02/02/2010

On February 2:

962 Pope John XII crowned Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.

 

1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor became King of Burgundy.

1536  Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1653  New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) was incorporated.

1709 Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.

Statue of Alexander Selkirk in Lower Largo

1790 The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time.

Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg

1812 Russia established a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California.

1929  William Stanley, inventor and engineer, was born.

1848 Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.

 

1848 California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants arrives in San Francisco, California.

1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball was formed.

1880 The first electric streetlight was installed in Wabash, Indiana.

1882 James Joyce, Irish author, was born.

Half-length portrait of man in his thirties. He looks to his right so that his face is in profile. He has a mustache, a thin beard, and medium-length hair slicked back, and wears a pince-nez and a plain dark greatcoat, looking vaguely like a Russian revolutionary. 

1882 The Knights of Columbus were formed in New Haven, Connecticut.

1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day was observed.

1899 The Australian Premiers’ Conference decided to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.

1901 Queen Victoria’s funeral took place.

1905 Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author and philosopher, was born.

Half-length monochrome portrait photo of Ayn Rand, seated, holding a cigarette

1913 Grand Central Station opened in New York City.

Grand Central test.jpg

1922 Ulysses by James Joyce was published.

UlyssesCover.jpg

1925 Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reached Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.

 Statue of Balto, the lead dog on the last relay team.

  • 1925 – The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.
  • 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian, was born.

    1933 Adolf Hitler dissolved the German Parliament.

    1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States was incorporated.

    1935 Leonarde Keeler tested the first polygraph machine.

     

    1940 David Jason, English actor, was born.

    1940  Frank Sinatra debuted with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.

    1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic was made.

     
       

    1947 Farrah Fawcett, American actress, was born.

    1948 Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.

    1957 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan laid the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage.

    1967 The American Basketball Association was formed.

    1971 Idi Amin replaced President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda.

    1972  The British embassy in Dublin was destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.

    1974 The men’s 1500-metre final at the 1974 Christchurch Commonwealth Games is called the greatest middle distance race of all time. Tanzanian Filbert Bayi won in a new world record time of 3 minutes 32.16 seconds. New Zealand’s emerging middle distance star John Walker came second, also breaking the existing world record. The remarkable feature of this race was the fact that the third, fourth (New Zealander Rod Dixon) and fifth place getters ran the fourth, fifth, and seventh fastest 1500m times to that date. The national records of five countries – Tanzania, Kenya, Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand – were all broken in this race.

    ‘The greatest middle distance race of all time’

    1974 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flew for the first time.

    1976 The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.

    Groundhog Day gale of 1976
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    1987 The Philippines made a new constitution.

    1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column left Kabul.

    1989 Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched.

    1990  F.W. de Klerk allowed the African National Congress to function legally and promised to release Nelson Mandela.

    ANC logo

    1998 A Cebu Pacific Flight 387 DC-9-32 crashed into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.

    2002 Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange married Máxima Zorreguieta.

     

    2007 Four tornadoes hit Central Florida, killing 21 people.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


    January 8 in history

    08/01/2010

    On January 8:

    1297  Monaco gained its independence.

     

     

     

     

    1734  Premiere of George Frideric Handel’s Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.

    1746 Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupied Stirling.

    1790 George Washington delivered the first State of the Union Address in New York City.

     George Washington’s handwritten notes for the first State of the Union Address.

    1835  The United States national debt was 0 for the only time.

    The US Federal Debt from 1800 to 1999

    1838 – Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph system using dots and dashes ( the forerunner of Morse code).

    1862 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publishe, was born.

     

    1863 Geologist Julius von Haast led an exploratory expedition in search of a route from the east to the west coasts of the South Island.

    Haast begins West Coast expedition

    1867 African American men were granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.

    1867  Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was born.

     

    1877 Crazy Horse  and his warriors fought their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

    Crazy Horse and his band of Oglala on their way from Camp Sheridan to surrender to General Crook at Red Cloud Agency, Sunday, May 6, 1877 / Berghavy ; from sketches by Mr. Hottes.
    1900  Dame Merlyn Myer, Australian philanthropist, was born.
    1908 William Hartnell, British actor, was born.
    1911 Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress and entertainer, was born.
    1912 The African National Congress was founded.
    ANC logo
    1926  Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes the King of Hejaz and renames it Saudi Arabia.
    IbnSaud.jpg
    1926 Soupy Sales, American comedian, was born.
    6.8.08SoupySalesByLuigiNovi.jpg
    1935 Elvis Presley, American singer, was born.
    1937  Dame Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer, was born.
    1941  Graham Chapman, British comedian, was born.
     Flyingcircus 2.jpg

     

     The Python team in 1969
    Back row: Graham Chapman, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam.
    Front row: Terry Jones, John Cleese, Michael Palin

    1946  Robby Krieger, American musician (The Doors), was born.

    1947  David Bowie, English musician, was born.

    1959Fidel Castro‘s Cuban Revolution was completed with the take over of Santiago de Cuba.

    1959 Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Crowded House), was born.

    1962 – The Harmelen train disaster killed 93 people in The Netherlands.

    1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a “War on Poverty” in the United States.

    1973 – Soviet space mission Luna 21 was launched.

    File:Lunakod landing bus-Luna17.jpg

  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins.
  • 1975  Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband.

    1994  Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 left for the space station  Mir. He stayed on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.

    Valeri Polyakov.jpg

    2004 The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, was christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.

    Queen Mary II Einlaufen Hamburg Hafengeburtstag 2006 -2.jpg

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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