Ballicatter – ice formed by the action in winter of spray and waves along the shoreline, making a fringe or band on the landward side.
No way yet to measure emissions – Neal Wallace:
It is impossible to measure greenhouse gas emissions on individual farms and it appears modelling will be used to calculate tax bills when farm-level obligations are imposed from 2025.
Scientists are still working to develop technology and systems but earlier this year AgFirst economist Phil Journeaux and AgResearch scientist Cecile de Klein delivered a paper to New Zealand Agricultural Climate Change Conference saying it is impossible to measure farm level emissions.
The Interim Climate Change Committee and the Government both say farmers should pay for emissions from 2025 but the development of simple, cheap and credible technology to calculate those obligations still seems far off. . .
If talk was hot air then this Government would need to be part of the Emissions Trading Scheme and being paying large penalties for destroying the planet.
The deal has been struck, sort of, whereby agriculture gets dragged into our Emissions Trading Scheme. That’s the good news, if you think making business more expensive by piling on more costs is good news.
The rest of the news is that farmers will escape paying 95 per cent of the charges, which means they will pay, for example, 0.01 cents per kilo of milk solids. In other words having them in isn’t a lot different to not having them in, if in fact what you want to do is achieve something as opposed to making a lot of noise about it. . .
‘What are you doing!?’ Trish exclaimed to friends who failed to put bottles in the recycling bin at a dinner party she was hosting. This was the lightbulb moment which kickstarted her passion for change – to educate farmers on the importance of working together, to create a better environment.
South Taranaki farmer, Trish Rankin, was recently named the 2019 Fonterra Dairy Woman of the Year. This award is significant, as it recognises the work she is doing beyond her own farm gate to make an impact in the wider industry.
Trish is not afraid to take on a challenge. She’s completed the Kellogg Rural Leadership Programme, focusing on how a circular economy model can be extended to New Zealand dairy farms – all while juggling her roles as mother, farm assistant and CEO, teacher and Chair of the Taranaki Dairy Enviro Leader Group. . .
This week, dairy farmers nationwide will receive information from DairyNZ about the Biosecurity Response Levy being set at 2.9 cents per kilogram of milksolids for the 2019-20 year. The levy will be collected by dairy supply companies from 1 September 2019.
“We consulted with our farmers earlier this year about increasing the biosecurity response levy cap to 3.9c/kg milksolids in order to pay our share of the M. bovis response,” says DairyNZ Chief Executive, Dr Tim Mackle. We listened to the feedback our farmers gave us and made sure there was a strong farmer voice around the table.
“The 2.9c/kg milksolids is obviously less that than the 3.9c/kg milksolids cap we put in place. This reflects our conversations with farmers, plus the work we’ve been doing with the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) to develop the terms of payback in the operational agreement we have negotiated. . .
When it comes to eating insects, New Zealanders like them crunchy and if given a choice would opt to eat a black field cricket before other creepy-crawlies, according to a new AgResearch report that explores the nation’s appetite for insects.
The Crown Research Institute surveyed 1300 New Zealanders to assess which native insects respondents would be most likely to consume to test the market potential for each insect as a product. The survey found participants are more likely to eat – given the choice – black field cricket nymphs and locust nymphs, followed by mānuka beetle and then huhu beetle grubs.
For the record, participants said they would least like to consume porina caterpillars and wax moth larvae, which suggests we are more open to eating “crunchier” insects, as opposed to the softer “squishier” insects, reinforcing that texture is an important factor influencing decisions to consume insects. . .
Grasslands more reliable carbon sinks than trees – Kat Kerlin:
Forests have long served as a critical carbon sink, consuming about a quarter of the carbon dioxide pollution produced by humans worldwide. But decades of fire suppression, warming temperatures and drought have increased wildfire risks — turning California’s forests from carbon sinks to carbon sources.
A study from the University of California, Davis, found that grasslands and rangelands are more resilient carbon sinks than forests in 21st century California. As such, the study indicates they should be given opportunities in the state’s cap-and-and trade market, which is designed to reduce California’s greenhouse gas emissions to 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. . .
Job-seeker beneficiaries have increased by more than 15,000 since the Labour-led government took office:
An increase of 15,500 people on jobseeker benefits under the Labour-led Government shows that they are not motivated to help New Zealanders into work, National’s Social Development spokesperson Louise Upston says.
“The Government proudly announced last June that new policies had led to a 23 per cent daily drop in sanctions. They now say that they have not changed Work and Income’s policies.
“What they claim not to see is the direct link between the removal of work obligations and the rise in people receiving benefits.
A benefit provides temporary assistance for some people when for a variety of reasons they find themselves without work.
But removing work obligations has made it too easy for others for whom a benefit is preferable to a job.
“If the Minister isn’t going to encourage people into work and more fulfilling lives, she should rename the Jobseeker Support benefit, because its recipients are no longer obliged to look for jobs.
“The Government lacks ambition for young people, with 17 per cent more 18 to 24-year-olds claiming Jobseeker Support in the past year. This is clear evidence that this Government isn’t investing in helping young people improve their lives.
The younger people become beneficiaries the longer they are likely to stay dependent on the state with the increased risks of poorer health and likelihood of committing crime that go with that.
“The Government also says it wants to end poverty. If that’s the case, they should be making every effort to reduce the number of benefit-dependent households.
“Benefits are an important safety net, but 8000 more Kiwis were dependent on Jobseeker Support for more than 12 months this June than in September 2017. Benefits are becoming a long-term trap.
“National supports New Zealanders to be aspirational. We believe the best way out of poverty is through work.
“That this Government is responsible for such a large rise in the number of people on a jobseekers’ benefit while employers are crying out for workers shows its claims of kindness and care to be hollow words.”
The increase of 15,500 on job seeker benefits is a couple of thousand more people than the total population of Oamaru.
That isn’t good for them, nor is it good for the country.
Every dollar spent on a benefit and the associated costs of delivering it to people who could be in work is a dollar taken from tax and not available to provide better social services and infrastructure.
This government is more than half way through its term and is failing to deliver policies that would make a positive difference to the country and its people.
Instead it’s spent more than $300 million on working groups:
The Government’s constant outsourcing of work has left taxpayers with a $317 million bill, Leader of the Opposition Simon Bridges says.
“Over the past 21 months, there have been 279 working groups created or reviews launched. That’s a working group every two days since the Labour-led Government has been in office.
“The Government has used working groups as an excuse to stall on doing any work while the coalition squabbles in the background.
“It shipped off work to the Tax Working Group, the Welfare Expert Advisory Group, the Business Advisory Group and the Fair Pay Working Group. All of these groups reported back with recommendations but the Government has done little or nothing with them.
“New Zealanders will be scratching their heads wondering why their hard-earned taxpayer dollars are being spent on working groups when the work isn’t even being used. They’ll be asking themselves, what is the point of this Government?
“The Government has broken many promises it made leading into the 2017 election, like $20 million for rare disorders, $10 cheaper GP fees to all New Zealanders and free annual health and eye checks for seniors.
“Not every review is wasteful. We support the Government in calling for a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Christchurch terrorist attacks, but the constant outsourcing of work takes the focus off the important reviews that really matter. Over the same time period when we were in Government, we had 113 reviews, less than 40 per cent of what this Government has called for.
“The Government has no plans for growing the strong economy it inherited, or for improving the lives of New Zealanders. Rather than having a plan and a vision for New Zealand it’s focused on keeping the coalition together and treading water.
As well as wasting money of working groups whose recommendations it ignores, the government is wasting money on poor policies.
“On top of all the working groups, the Government is making poor spending decisions, including more than $2 billion for fees-free tertiary, which has resulted in fewer students, $3 billion for Shane Jones’ slush fund and $2 billion on KiwiBuild, which has resulted in next to no houses.
“National would cut the waste and invest taxpayer dollars in more considered and targeted ways. Savings from these reviews alone could fund the Roxburgh children’s village for the next 90 years, fund 5,600 cochlear implants, restore and maintain full facilities at the Lumsden Maternity Clinic for more than a hundred years, or axe the regional fuel tax.
“National is doing the work in Opposition so we’re ready should we earn the right to govern in 2020. We have already released three comprehensive discussion documents and there are six more to come. Our polices will be in place and our legislation will be ready to go in time for 2020.”
Labour was unprepared for government and we’re paying the price for that.
The UK has a new Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, but he faces the same problem his predecessor Theresa May did – Brexit.
Johnson might think he can get a better deal than May but the European Union can’t make it easy for the UK to leave in case it encourages other countries to follow.
We were in England three weeks ago and no-one we met were hopeful about the outcome of negotiations.
One businessman pointed out one of the challenges if there’s a hard Brexit, will be getting fresh food.
The UK doesn’t have a lot of cool-storage for fresh produce because much of its fruit and vegetables is delivered every day from Europe.
We also spoke to someone who has been trying to negotiate a post-Brexit trade deal for New Zealand. His view on the UK’s situation was blunt: it’s a mess.
One of the lessons of this is the stupidity of a referendum when people don’t understand the issues and don’t know the implications of what they’re voting for.
A state too expensive in itself, or by virtue of its dependencies, ultimately falls into decay; its free government is transformed into a tyranny; it disregards the principles which it should preserve, and finally degenerates into despotism. The distinguishing characteristic of small republics is stability: the character of large republics is mutability. Simón Bolívar who was born on this day in 1783.
1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.
1148 Louis VII of France laid siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland.
1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands struck against ban on foreign beer.
1534 French explorer Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula and took possession of the territory in the name of Francis I of France.
1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced to abdicate and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI.
1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, which later became the city of Detroit, Michigan.
1715 A Spanish treasure fleet of 10 ships under Admiral Ubilla left Havana for Spain.
1725 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, was born (d. 1807).
1823 Slavery was abolished in Chile.
1832 Benjamin Bonneville led the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming’s South Pass.
1847 After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young led 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown – Confederate General Jubal Anderson Early defeated Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.
1866 Reconstruction: Tennessee became the first U.S. State to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
1874 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer, was born (d. 1917).
1895 Robert Graves, English author, was born (d. 1985).
1897 Amelia Earhart, American aviator, was born (disappeared 1937).
1901 O. Henry was released from prison after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
1911 Hiram Bingham III re-discovered Machu Picchu, “the Lost City of the Incas”.
1912 – Essie Summers, New Zealand author, was born (d. 1998).
1915 The passenger ship S.S. Eastland capsised in central Chicago, with the loss of 845 lives.
1923 The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, was signed.
1927 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
1929 The Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy went into effect.
1931 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania killed 48 people.
1935 The world’s first children’s railway opened in Tbilisi, USSR.
1935 The dust bowl heat wave reached its peak, sending temperatures to 109°F (44°C) in Chicago and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1937 Alabama dropped rape charges against the so-called “Scottsboro Boys“.
1938 First ascent of the Eiger north face.
1943 World War II: Operation Gomorrah began: British and Canadian aeroplanes bombed Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day.
1966 Michael Pelkey and Brian Schubert made the first BASE jump from El Capitan. Both came out with broken bones.
1967 During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declared to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (“Long live free Quebec!”). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delighted many Quebecers but angered the Canadian government and many English Canadians.
1969 Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer, was born.
1969 Apollo 11 splashed down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
1972 Bugojno group was caught by Yugoslav security forces.
1974 Watergate scandal: the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
1974 After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus the Greek military junta collapsed and democracy was restored.
1977 End of a four day Libyan-Egyptian War.
1982 Anna Paquin, Canadian-born New Zealand actress, was born.
1982 Heavy rain caused a mudslide that destroyed a bridge at Nagasaki,Japan, killing 299.
1990 Iraqi forces started massing on the Kuwait-Iraq border.
1998 Russell Eugene Weston Jr. burst into the United States Capitol and opened fire killing two police officers.
2000 Private Leonard Manning became New Zealand’s first combat death since the Vietnam War when he was killed in Timor-Leste.
2001 – Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
2001 Bandaranaike Airport attack was carried out by 14 Tamil Tiger commandos, all died in this attack. They destroyed 11 Aircrafts (mostly military) and damaged 15, there are no civilian casualties.
2005 Lance Armstrong won his seventh consecutive Tour de France.
2007 Libya freed all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya.
2009 – The MV Arctic Sea, reportedly carrying a cargo of timber, was allegedly hijacked in the North Sea by pirates, but much speculation remains as to the actual cargo and events.
2011 – Digital switchover was completed in 44 of the 47 prefectures of Japan, with Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima television stations terminating analog broadcasting operations later as a result of the Tohoku earthquake.
2013 – A high-speed train derailed in Spain rounding a curve with an 80 km/h (50 mph) speed limit at 190 km/h (120 mph), killing 78 passengers.
2014 – Air Algérie Flight 5017 lost contact with air traffic controllers 50 minutes after takeoff. It was travelling between Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Algiers with 116 people on board. The wreckage was later found in Mali.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia